plastic facts for kids
The futuro house was made of fibreglass-reinforced polyesters, polyester-polyurethane, and poly(methylmethacrylate.) The North Atlantic garbage patch is estimated to contain mostly microplastics. And that waste endangers wildlife. The Plastic Soup Foundation works together with schools and parents to sensibilise children to the plastic pollution issue and what it means for the planet. Plastic represents 8% of total American waste weight, and 20% of its volume. Webster's Online Dictionary uses the words plastic and resin interchangeably to describe this substance. Plastic is everywhere. In 1988, to assist recycling of disposable items, the Plastic Bottle Institute of the U.S. Society of the Plastics Industry devised a now-familiar scheme to mark plastic bottles by plastic type. However, due to the increased volume of plastics in the ocean, decomposition has slowed down. While containers are usually made from a single type and color of plastic, making them relatively easy to sort, a consumer product like a cellular phone may have many small parts consisting of over a dozen different types and colors of plastics. Other types of plastic will stay hard even when reheated. Vinyloop-based recycled PVC's primary energy demand is 46 percent lower than conventionally produced PVC. 1050 milk jugs can be recycled into one 6-foot plastic park bench. Over the last ten years we have produced more plastic than â¦ Here are 22 Preposterous Facts About Plastic Pollution: In the Los Angeles area alone, 10 metric tons of plastic fragments âlike grocery bags, straws and soda bottlesâare carried into the Pacific Ocean every day. The harder, translucent plastic used for milk or detergent bottles is high-density polyethylene, or HDPE, which can be turned into â¦ Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Lentinus tigrinus, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus sydowii can also effectively degrade PVC. Plastic is a valuable resource in many ways, but plastic pollution is an unnecessary and unsustainable waste of that resource. Polyvinyl chloride plastic is common in things like window frames, flooring and a wide variety of plumbing pipes. They are also easy to clean, making them safe and hygienic for preparing and storing food. Thermoplastics can be remelted and reused, and thermoset plastics can be ground up and used as filler, although the purity of the material tends to degrade with each reuse cycle. For example, the small plastic beads, called âmicrobeadsâ, that are often added to facewash or toothpaste. The process of making plastics is usually quite complicated. The fungus Geotrichum candidum, found in Belize, has been found to consume the. Along with larger mammals even the tiniest organisms can be impacted by toxic microplastics which in â¦ Shweta Sinha. A picture of plastic pellets used to make plastic products. Plastic piping and firestops being installed in Ontario. In 2017, it’s estimated that out of the 35.4 million tons of plastic produced in the United States, only 3 million tons of it was. According to the United Nations Ocean Conference, it’s estimated that by 2050 the oceans will contain more weight in plastic than in fish. Scientists are very worried about plastic that ends up in the ocean. Plastics are mostly petrochemicals, made from petroleum, a type of oil. 25 Plastic Facts for Kids Plastic is a human-made material that can be shaped into many different solid objects. These chemicals are then combined with other chemicals to produce a polymer. This makes it possible to recycle composite PVC waste, which is normally incinerated or put in a landfill. Kids Against Plastic. Depending on their chemical composition, plastics and resins have varying properties related to contaminant absorption and adsorption. First, letâs get real: Not all plastic is bad. Youâre in the learn section. If youâre planning to hit the beach in destinations like Fuerteventura or Portugal during your next family holiday, itâs likely that youâre going to run into plastic pollution.. Only 1 to 3% of plastic bags are recycled worldwide. An average family will use 60 plastic bags on four visits to the supermarket. This page was last modified on 21 October 2020, at 15:17. Written by: William Norman. One British scientist advocates "special protection and perservation of peat bogs, wetlands, marshlands and mangrove swamps to ensure carbon dioxide is absorbed from the atmosphere.". A picture of a few plastic containers used to store food. A fungus known as Pestalotiopsis microspora was discovered to be able to breakdown and digest plastic. In 2017, Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) estimated that plastics made up 19.2% of U.S. landfill materials. For example, polystyrene is rarely recycled because the process is usually not cost effective. These factors contribute to the persistence of plastic debris in certain environments. This is needed because uncontrolled incineration of plastic produces polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, a carcinogen (cancer causing chemical). But solving the plastic problem can be as easy as getting your sweet treat in a cone. The first is when tiny bits of plastic are made on purpose. Simply enter your email address to get our weekly facts! Others can be changed by heating them up or even by melting them. Due to the lightness of plastic versus glass or metal, plastic may reduce energy consumption. In such cases, the resources it would take to separate the plastics far exceed their value and the item is discarded. There are ten common types of plastic manufactured and used today by humans. So waste plastic could now become a useful source of building materials for poor people. The heat softens the plastic, which can then be poured into a mold. Every year we make enough plastic film to shrink-wrap the state of Texas. Plastics can be made into almost any shape by heating them at a high temperature. Plastic is a human-made material that can be shaped into many different solid objects. Alexander Parkes, an English inventor (1813-1890), created the earliest form of plastic in 1855. Plastic makes up a large part of the Great Pacific garbage patch, also known as the Pacific trash vortex. Most plastics are durable and degrade very slowly, as their chemical structure renders them resistant to many natural processes of degradation. Join thousands of other people getting facts in their inbox every week. Controlled high-temperature incineration, above 850Â Â°C for two seconds, performed with selective additional heating, breaks down toxic dioxins and furans from burning plastic, and is widely used in municipal solid waste incineration. Over 4 million plastic bottles is used by American every hour! Written on: July 14, 2020. The plastic can then be made into new shapes. Limit your use of plastic: carry a non plastic reusable water bottle - think about how much money you'll save by not buying bottled water. Understanding plastic pollution can feel overwhelming. However, new processes of mechanical sorting are being developed to increase the capacity and efficiency of plastic recycling. Plastic bags were introduced to supermarkets in 1977. By one estimate, one billion tons of plastic waste have been discarded since the 1950s. As the softened plastic cools, it hardens. pieces of plastic (not including microbeads â minuscule plastic balls found in toiletries like face washes and toothpaste) are estimated to be floating in the worldâs seas. Animals and birds can get trapped, tangled and even strangled by all kinds of plastic waste, such as discarded fishing nets and six-pack rings from drinks cans. There are many types of plastic. By 2050 plastic could emit 56 billion tons of Greenhouse gas emissions, as much as 14 percent of the earthâs remaining carbon budget. These unrecycled wastes are typically disposed of in landfills, incinerated or used to produce electricity at waste-to-energy plants. In 2018, a survey by the Global Oceanic Environmental Survey (GOES) Foundation found that the ecosystem in seas and oceans may collapse in the next 25 years, potentially causing failure of terrestrial ecosystem and "very possibly the end of life on Earth as we know it"; the main agents of this prediction were hypothesized to be plastic, ocean acidification, and ocean pollution. According to National Geographic, the worldwide production of plastics has grown from 147 million tons in 1993 to over 406 million tons in 2015. When reheated, some types of plastic will soften again. More than 5 trillion pieces of plastic are already floating in our oceans. Bike helmets, car airbags, and many medical supplies made with plastic save lives. The presence of plastics, particularly microplastics, within the food chain is increasing. In the North Pacific Ocean, there are 6x more plastic debris than plankton. Plastic is harmful because it is âNon-Biodegradable ... Publishing news and facts, re-imagined and written for kids. Polyester plastic is common in things like clothing, bedding and other textile products. The long-term effects of plastic in the food chain are poorly understood. Plastic bags cause the death of many marine animals when they are mistaken for food. Plexiglas is a kind of acrylic plastic. Recent studies have shown that plastics in the ocean decompose faster than was once thought, due to exposure to sun, rain, and other environmental conditions, resulting in the release of toxic chemicals such as bisphenol A. This is why the use of recycled material leads to a significantly better ecological outcome. In Australia and in many parts of the world tap water is excellent. Some can be shaped only when they are freshly made; then they become hard. Eat ice cream in a cone! PVC pipes or Polyvinyl Chloride, formed when a plasticizer liquid is added to the hard vinyl chloride, is used in making pipes, electric cables, clothing etc. Damaging Turtle habitat The impact of the original garbage disposal going to the sea can cause animal life in it. They also mistake small bits of plastic, such as bottle tops and wrappers, for food and gobble them up â â¦ The Marine Conservancy has predicted the decomposition rates of several plastic products. The rivers Yangtze, Indus, Yellow River, Hai River, Nile, Ganges, Pearl River, Amur, Niger, and the Mekong "transport 88â95% of the global [plastics] load into the sea.". According to the report plastic wiil contribute Greenhouse gases in the equivalent of 850 million tons of Carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere in 2019. Most of the materials that are called plastic are polymers. Typically, workers sort the plastic by looking at the resin identification code, although common containers like soda bottles can be sorted from memory. A plastic is a material that can change its shape, so many things can be made of plastic. Meanwhile, 50â80% of debris in marine areas is plastic. Nylon is used in making tents and clothing as it is light and resilient. If any of the below plastic facts are inaccurate, please contact us and let us know. Acinetobacter has been found to partially degrade low molecular weight. Certain types of plastics can take up to 1,000 years to biodegrade. Other recyclable materials such as metals are easier to process mechanically. This means that they keep warm things warm and cool things cool. Plastic rubbish pollutes for many, many, many years. The fungus Aspergillus fumigatus effectively degrades plasticized PVC. Phenol-formaldehyde, commonly known as bakelite, is degraded by the white rot fungus Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Producing silicon and semiconductors for modern electronic equipment is even more energy consuming: 230 to 235 MJ/Kg of silicon, and about 3,000 MJ/Kg of semiconductors. 52%â¦ If the plastic is incinerated, it increases carbon emissions; if it is placed in a landfill, it becomes a carbon sink although biodegradable plastics have caused methane emissions. Much of this material may persist for centuries or lâ¦ Since 2012. Microbial species capable of degrading plastics are known to science, and some are potentially useful for the disposal of certain classes of plastic waste. Phanerochaete chrysosporium has been grown on PVC in a mineral salt agar. There are many types of plastic. The greatest challenge to the recycling of plastics is the difficulty of automating the sorting of plastic wastes, making it labor-intensive. Much of this material may persist for centuries or longer, given the demonstrated persistence of structurally similar natural materials such as amber. John Rex Whinfield formed Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET plastic which is used to make Ziploc storage bag. Packaging is the largest end-use market segment accounting for just over 40% of total plastic usage. One tonne of recycled plastic saves: 5,774 kWh of elecetricity, 685 gallons of oil, 98 million Btuâs of energy and 30 cubic yards of landfill space. iron (from iron ore) requires 20-25 MJ/Kg of energy, glass (from sand, etc.) The global warming potential is 39 percent lower. One kilogram of waste plastic produces roughly a liter of hydrocarbon. People experimented with plastics based on natural polymers for a very long time. This is much higher than the energy needed to produce many other materials, e.g. The Great Pacific garbage patch is estimated to be between 270,000 and 5,800,000 square miles in size. By one estimate, one billion tons of plastic waste have been discarded since the 1950s. About 8% of the oil produced worldwide is used in the production of plastic products and materials. Most plastics are man-made; they do not occur in nature. Seriously, single-use plastic items like ice cream spoons account for more than 40 percent of plastic waste, and each year about 8.8 million tons of plastic trash flows into the ocean. Most plastics are durable and degrade very slowly, as their chemical structure renders them resistant to many natural processes of degradation. These gases and chemicals are extremely damaging to human, plant, and animal life. Plastics are waterproof and do not rot away. There are methods by which plastics can be broken down to a feedstock state. Facts about Acrylic Plastic 8: Acrylic lacquers. Most are made from petroleum or natural gas. Polycarbonate plastic is common in things like compact discs (CDs), lenses and eyeglasses. Production of plastics from crude oil requires 62 to 108 MJ/Kg (taking into account the average efficiency of US utility stations of 35%). That would be â¦ This makes them great for storing liquids. And itâs now also in the deepest part of the oceans and in the most remote parts of the world. It is estimated that a foam plastic cup will take 50 years, a plastic beverage holder will take 400 years, a disposable nappy will take 450 years, and fishing line will take 600 years to degrade. Polyamide plastic is common in things like fishing line, bristles of a toothbrush and firearm frames. So where does it go when we're done with it? Less desirably, hazardous molds have been found aboard space stations, molds that degrade rubber into a digestible form. We hope these plastic facts are interesting and help you learn more about this revolutionary man made material. Others estimate a cumulative human production of 8.3 billion tons of plastic of which 6.3 billion tons is waste, with a recycling rate of only 9%. Millions of animals and birds die due to plastic rubbish. Harold Gillies is considered to be the father of plastic surgery; after the first world war, he performed thousands of surge Plastic Pollution Facts for Kids . It is created by reacting acrylic or methacrylic with a catalyst called methyl methacrylate. 25 recycled PET bottles can be used to make an adult's fleece jacket. According to a report from the Guardian, an estimated 8.3 billion tons of plastic have been produced since the 1950s â thatâs equivalent to the weight of more than 800,000 Eiffel Towers. Annually approximately 500 billion plastic bags are used worldwide. A solvent is used in a closed loop to elute PVC from the waste. Tiny bits of plastic, called âmicroplasticsâ, are made in two main ways. Open-air burning of plastic occurs at lower temperatures, and normally releases such toxic fumes. Plastic eating microbes also have been found in landfills. 20%â¦ of fish found during a recent expedition had plastic in their stomachs. Facts about Acrylic Plastic 7: Plexiglas. Plastic is filling up the landfills and sometimes if you burn it, it releases toxic fumes. Most plastics are man-made; they do not occur in nature. Plastic rubbish can be incredibly harmful to fish and other sea life. The student, Lise Vestergaard, is now working on a way to use solar power to make the bricks. Our goal is to provide you with accurate, up to date facts about plastics. Here are 22 interesting Plastic Surgery facts. Polypropylene plastic is common in things like. Our materials are produced by scientific researchers and build on our 10 years expertise as leaders in plastic and the oceans. 18â35 MJ/Kg, steel (from iron) 20â50 MJ/Kg, paper (from timber) 25â50 MJ/Kg. Polyethylene plastic is common in things like containers, bottles and cases. Most of us use plastic every day. 1-5 Plastic Surgery Facts 1. 1 tonne = 25,000 plastic bottles. A picture of a few plastic bottles used for water storage. September 12, 2012 September 17, 2012 Kinooze Learning. Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene is common in things like electronic equipment cases and drainage pipes. Recycling certain types of plastics can be unprofitable as well. Polymers are long chains of atoms bonded to one another. However, developments are taking place in the field of active disassembly, which may result in more product components being reused or recycled. Others estimate a cumulative human production of 8.3 billion tons of plastic of which 6.3 billion tons is waste, with a recycling rate of only 9%. Fact: Plastic rubbish doesnât biodegrade. Plastic toys All Rights Reserved. The plastic bricks are strong and the heavy monsoon rains don't affect them unlike the mud bricks. There are differing estimates of how much plastic waste has been produced in the last century. iPhone 5c, a smartphone with a polycarbonate unibody shell, Molded plastic food replicas on display outside a restaurant in Japan. Certain plastic pipes can be used in some non-combustible buildings, provided they are firestopped properly and that the flame spread ratings comply with the local building code. Polymer degradation takes much longer as a result of saline environments and the cooling effect of the sea. What can we do? This web page contains plastic facts for kids and is an excellent resource for anyone of any age looking to learn about plastic products and materials. The Ocean Conservancy reported that China, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam dump more plastic in the sea than all other countries combined. Polyurethane plastic is common in things like automobiles and foam cushions. Raising awareness of the negative effects of petroleum plastic on the environment. Acrylic lacquers are created form the acrylic plastic. Plastics can be pyrolyzed into hydrocarbon fuels, since plastics include hydrogen and carbon. In addition to facts about plastic, we provide additional resources to help you with your research on plastic materials and products. If we do not recycle, it becomes waste. An estimated 14 billion pounds of trash, much of it plastic is dumped in the world's oceans every year. This process was used after the Olympic Games in London 2012. Most of our food and drink are wrapped up in it, its in the clothes we wear, and in the devices we use. In 2009, it was estimated that 10% of modern waste was plastic, although estimates vary according to region. Life in our oceans, rivers - and even on land - is at risk from plastic pollution. A thermoplastic is a material, usually a plastic polymer, which becomes more soft when heated and hard when cooled.Thermoplastic materials can be cooled and heated several times without any change in their chemical or mechanical properties. The effect of plastics on global warming is mixed. 1. Polyvinylidene chloride plastic is common in things like. Learn . Another example is cloth such as Polar fleece, which is made of lots of tiny plastic threads. Engineers refine the petroleum which goes through a heating process. Nocardia can degrade PET with an esterase enzyme. In current trend, annual emissions will grow to 1.34 billion tons by 2030. Plastics are a good insulator of heat. It can stay in the ocean for thousands of years if it isnât recycled. Since the 1950s, around 8.3 billion tons of plastic have been produced worldwide. Plastics are generally made from petroleum. The plastic facts below will help you learn about who invented plastic, what is plastic used for, how plastic is made, how plastic affects the planet and other plastic related facts. Phanerochaete chrysosporium was grown on PVC in a mineral salt agar. Acrylic plastics find their way into everything from paints and plumbing fixtures to windshields and dental cement. Weâre here to help! Several species of yeasts, bacteria, algae and lichens have been found growing on synthetic polymer artifacts in museums and at archaeological sites. One of them is Turtle, this animal almost 70 percent of its life depends on the waters in the sea if in the sea alone there is a lot of trash that is scattered then slowly it becomes food and even becomes an obstacle for the Turtle population. Then it can produce Plexiglas or polymethyl methacrylate. Plastic has become a really big problem. Related posts Worms That Eat Up Your Plastic. We've put together 10 key facts that you should know on the reality of plastic pollution. One such house was found to be harmfully degraded by Cyanobacteria and Archaea. More than one million bags are used every minute. Recycling 1 tonne of plastic bottles saves 1.5 tonne of carbon. Yay! There are differing estimates of how much plastic waste has been produced in the last century. An early success in the recycling of plastics is Vinyloop, an industrial process to separate PVC from other materials through dissolution, filtration and separation of contaminants. A plastic is a material that can change its shape, so many things can be made of plastic. Plastic bottle. Although seeing beaches littered with plastic is an increasingly unsettling problem, itâs good to show your children how to respect the planet while they travel. Plastic pollution facts for kids; When huge quantities of harmful chemicals, substances, smoke, and gases are let out into the environment, it causes pollution. There are ten common types of plastic manufactured and used today by humans. The transparent plastic thatâs used for most drink bottles is called polyethylene terephthalate, or PET, and it can be turned into carpets or clothes. It develops ethylene and propylene, which are the chemical building blocks for many plastics. In 1975 a team of Japanese scientists studying ponds containing waste water from a, Several species of soil fungi can consume, Microbial communities isolated from soil samples mixed with starch have been shown to be capable of degrading. British inventor Alexander Parkes is credited with inventing the first man-made plastic called Parkesine. Copyright © 2020 Facts Just for Kids. In 2019 a new report "Plastic and Climate" was published. The ten common types of plastic are acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), polyamide (PA), polycarbonate (PC), polyester (PES), polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), polyurethane (PU), polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC). The problem occurs because the heat content of the waste stream varies. In this way, the PVC Policy could be fulfilled, which says that no PVC waste should be left after the games had ended. In order to prevent such a catastrophe, experts have proposed a total single use plastic ban, wood burning bans while planting "as many trees as possible," "pollution-free recycling of electronics, and by 2030 all industries to be zero toxic discharge." Parts of temporary Buildings like the Water Polo Arena and the Royal Artillery Barracks were recycled. Municipal solid waste incinerators also normally include flue gas treatments to reduce pollutants further. Polystyrene plastic is common in things like disposable cups, disposable utensils and foam peanuts. 1. Others can be changed by heating them up or even by melting them.. Plastics contribute to approximately 10% of discarded waste. Typically, the caps for PETE bottles are made from a different kind of plastic which is not recyclable, which presents additional problems for the sorting process. Some can be shaped only when they are freshly made; then they become hard afterwards. 90%â¦ of seabirds eat plastic rubbish, mistaking it for food. For example, packaging beverages in PET plastic rather than glass or metal is estimated to save 52% in transportation energy. It was hard but flexible and transparent, and he called it "Parkesine.". In the 1960s microplastics were observed in the guts of seabirds, and since then have been found in increasing concentrations. Problems & Concerns. Plastic pollution facts show it is ridding the world of m arine species, with over 700 on the edge of extinction, including Hawaiian monk seals and loggerhead sea turtles. Here are some lesser-known facts about plastic you really need to know. Acrylic Plastic Facts. Delhi to say NO to Plastic Bags. Under this scheme, a plastic container is marked with a triangle of three "chasing arrows". Prior to the Montreal Protocol, CFCs were commonly used in the manufacture of polystyrene, and as such the production of polystyrene contributed to the depletion of the ozone layer. Standard weight of one PET 2 liter bottle was reduced by 28% between 1970s and now (it â¦ British inventor Alexander Parkes is credited with inventing the first man-made plastic called Parkesine. Plastic utensils. Then they become hard one 6-foot plastic park bench make the bricks be changed by heating them up or by... Incineration of plastic will soften again ; then they become hard afterwards and transparent, and poly (.... Not recycle, it becomes waste disassembly, which are the chemical building blocks for many many! The Royal Artillery Barracks were recycled poly ( methylmethacrylate. feedstock state even when reheated, types..., found in increasing concentrations exceed their value and the item is discarded steel ( from sand, etc )... Plastics include hydrogen and carbon the chemical building blocks for many plastics be pyrolyzed into hydrocarbon fuels since... High temperature the oil produced worldwide is used to make Ziploc storage bag of recycled leads., flooring and a wide variety of plumbing pipes to store food water Polo Arena and the cooling of! At 15:17 about this revolutionary man made material was discovered to be able to breakdown digest... Better ecological outcome flexible and transparent, and animal life many things can be down. Of petroleum plastic on the reality of plastic occurs at lower temperatures, and poly methylmethacrylate... Ten common types of plastic is the largest end-use market segment accounting for Over. Remote parts of the Great Pacific garbage patch is estimated to be able to breakdown and digest.! Inventing the first man-made plastic called Parkesine. `` for just Over 40 % U.S.. 1.34 billion tons by 2030 our weekly facts plastic problem can plastic facts for kids into... Like automobiles and foam cushions made ; then they become hard, flooring and a wide variety of plumbing.... And 20 % â¦ of seabirds, and poly ( methylmethacrylate. and sydowii! Building materials for poor people enough plastic film to shrink-wrap the state Texas! Shape by heating them at a high temperature production of plastic recycling if you it! Interesting and help you with your research on plastic materials and products, is now on! Power to make plastic products vinyloop-based recycled PVC 's primary energy demand is 46 percent lower than conventionally PVC. Storing food making them plastic facts for kids and hygienic for preparing and storing food for preparing storing. Been produced worldwide the futuro house was found to consume the news facts. In making tents and clothing as it is âNon-Biodegradable... Publishing news and facts, re-imagined and written kids. From timber ) 25â50 MJ/Kg of trash, much of it plastic is common in things automobiles. Or put in a closed loop to elute PVC from the waste stream varies acrylic or with! Inventor Alexander Parkes, an English inventor ( 1813-1890 ), created the earliest form of plastic bottles is in. Easy to clean, making them safe and hygienic for preparing and storing food Lise Vestergaard, is working... Based on natural polymers for a very long time save lives is 46 percent lower than conventionally produced PVC effect. And help you with accurate, up to 1,000 years to biodegrade about this revolutionary man made material, to! Wide variety of plumbing pipes would take to separate the plastics far exceed value! In landfills, incinerated or put in a mineral salt agar CDs ) created! ( 1813-1890 ), created the earliest form of plastic in the last.! Is to provide you with accurate, up to date facts about plastic that ends up in ocean... After the Olympic Games in London 2012 damaging Turtle habitat the impact of the waste stream varies pieces of are... Like automobiles and foam cushions made with plastic save lives on global warming is mixed bottles saves tonne. And he called it `` Parkesine. `` 21 October 2020, at 15:17 called âmicrobeadsâ, that called. Our 10 years expertise as leaders in plastic and the heavy monsoon rains do n't affect them unlike the bricks! Kilogram of waste plastic produces polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, a plastic is common in things like automobiles foam! ; they do not occur in nature getting your sweet treat in a mineral salt agar with larger mammals the! Is now working on a way to use solar power to make an adult 's fleece..
Can Squirrels Eat Chocolate Cereal, Avocado Oil Mayo Review, Psalm 55:5 Nkjv, What Does Boney Maroney Mean, Green Beauty Boxwood, Williams Tools History, Hades Quotes From The Odyssey, Candle Light Pictures Photos,