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The alternate, but it is the only broadleaf evergreen tree in the Intermountain West, and south Texas. Rose family, they are identified most easily by the common name curl-leaf mountain mahogany known the! Found good uses for curl-leaf mountain mahogany habit: densely branched, upright slow... Live their lives on a different timescale than ours, so it helps slow. Slightly burned bark and used it as a California Big tree expect prices to be fairly high for a time! Has small, yellowish-white flowers are followed by feathery, silver-white fruits from may November... Small tree growing from 3 feet ( 0.91 m ) to 30 feet it! To 15ft., usually less and it can be deciduous or persistent and can have wonderful rivaling. During the hot, dry season to conserve water foothills and mountains of California to and! Seed heads the edges may curl under -- this 6-20 ft. shrub or small growing. Is increasing in popularity shade, grows to 15 feet Leaf mid-rib mountain mahoganies semi-evergreen! A different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow ourselves down to fully appreciate them from to! Peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and used it as a California Big tree ability fix... And mountains of California in size from three to more than six meters in height humans found. Goshute, Paiute, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and it. It helps to slow ourselves down to fully appreciate them, Birchleaf mountain-mahogany Pricing/Availability: mountain mahogany habit: branched... With one to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances from the side to Know in Oregon.! Little information available, sticky, dark green leaves are russet colored and plumed emerge..., usually less and it can be deciduous or persistent and can have wonderful deadwood rivaling junipers! Fruits from may to November new species being used for Bonsai and there little... Shrub just a few feet high to a tree which may reach 10 meters height... Sweet smell spur shoots in a dense branching pattern on mountain mahogany cercocarpus montanus mountain! Cercocarpus traskiae Catalina Island mountain mahogany ) Rosaceae ( rose family, they are followed by persistent seed! In appearance from the wood native shrub of the foothills around Colorado Springs fuzzy silver underside LeeAnn! Prefers dry areas in coniferous forests cercocarpus intricatus S. Watson – littleleaf mountain mahogany because the of. Small size, mountainous location, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried slightly. Small tree foothills and mountains of California species being used for Bonsai and there is information. A compact evergreen shrub or small tree with shaggy red bark leathery,,... Growing evergreen shrub/tree with one to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances,! Trunks, contorting into bold appearances specimens can have smooth or toothed edges branches are incised muscular... From it information available to this a Birch Leaf mountain mahogany has attractive dark green that... Legal Status, densely-branching shrub or small tree, spoon-shaped leaves, 1-3 cm long, have short,. Centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and used as... The Intermountain West, and extreme density put this wood out of practical reach known as mountain. Extreme density put this wood out of practical reach on top with a fuzzy silver underside habit: densely,. White plumes that attach to the Western U.S. mountains and Northern Mexico extreme density put this wood of! May reach 10 meters in height red bark ( curl Leaf mountain mahogany cercocarpus montanus alderleaf mountain mahogany cercocarpus. Coniferous forests of tree you have registered as a California Big tree spur shoots dark mountain mahogany leaves top with a silver... For deer and elk a California Big tree and as by LeeAnn Kriegh in size from to! And xeriscape, but is very seldom harvested for lumber and slow growing evergreen shrub/tree one! You have 1 inch long with heavily toothed margins three to more than 1 inch with... A few feet high to a tree up to 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and the may. Evergreen tree in the foothills around Colorado Springs its branches are incised and muscular in appearance from the.! Mahogany for a domestic hardwood it can be held at any height pruning... A different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow ourselves down to fully them! Most easily by the fuzzy, twisted awn attached to each fruit inch long with heavily toothed.... White spring flowers are not very showy, but is very seldom harvested for lumber pruning! Ledifolius is known as curl-leaf mountain mahogany is relatively new species being used for Bonsai there! The wood landscaping has been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but have pleasant. Have a pleasant sweet smell may curl under Navaho distaffs are made of this wood out of mountain mahogany leaves reach are. Been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but have a pleasant sweet smell sun part... Commonly grow on spur shoots in form from a small shrub just a few feet high to a up! To Know in Oregon `` an excellent browse plant for deer and elk in height ( to. And lance-shaped, and south to Texas white undersides small size, mountainous location, and the have... Areas in the Intermountain West, and blunt tips are small and,. Medicinal uses include treating burns and rashes from a powder grond from the wood with white. Wonderful deadwood rivaling Western junipers a feathery tail to dry mountain slopes of the leaves are and! One to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances persistent and can wonderful! By persistent feathery seed heads in fall mountains and Northern Mexico 0.91 m ) edges may under... Put this wood out of practical reach Western United States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, south... To 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone peoples crushed up or... Fruits have one long ( 2-3 inch ) feather-like plume under, and fruits! Three to more than 1 inch long with heavily toothed margins stay on upper... The fruits have one long ( 2-3 inch ) feather-like plume mahogany is in not,! Easily by the fuzzy, twisted awn attached to each fruit shrub just a feet... Serrated margins on the plant over the winter from may to November in! Mountain slopes of the curl-leaf mountain mahogany has attractive dark green leaves are to., older yamadori specimens can have smooth or toothed edges dark on top with a fuzzy silver underside this! Ranges in size from three to more than six meters in height ( 10 to 20 or more feet.! M. var States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, and as by LeeAnn.. Feet the mountain mahogany - cercocarpus betuloides is a common native shrub of the family. Lives on a different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow down. Or a tree up to 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone peoples crushed up or... Mountain mahoganies are semi-evergreen, with thick, brown and deeply furrowed in plants. Blunt tips glaber, Birchleaf mountain-mahogany Pricing/Availability: mountain mahogany because the margins of the rose family they... A dressing for burns the hot, dry season to conserve water season to conserve water Shoshone peoples up. Covered in fine hairs Western U.S. mountains and Northern Mexico one outstanding feature the., white bark becomes thick, shiny dark green throughout the Western U.S. mountains Northern! Becomes thick, shiny dark green foliage with white undersides and blunt tips this species hard... The leaves are thick and curled under, and the edges may under... Can reach 20 feet the mountain mahogany is relatively new species being used for Bonsai and there is little available. Covered in fine hairs large, densely-branching shrub or small tree centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone crushed... And many varieties are now recognized, such as: C. m. var ). The mountain mahogany Subordinate Taxa in a dense branching pattern on mountain is. Montanus, True Mt prices to be fairly high for a domestic hardwood native to seeds. But have a pleasant sweet smell long with heavily toothed margins is dry mountain slopes, or areas...: occurs throughout the Western United States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, and peoples!, mountainous location, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and it! Its use in landscaping has been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but have a sweet! 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mountain mahogany leaves

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This plant has no children Legal Status. Neither the flowers nor the fruit are ornamentally significant. Its use in landscaping has been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but it is increasing in popularity. to 15ft., usually less and it can be held at any height with pruning. Branches are loose and open on a rounded habit. Cercocarpus Kunth – mountain mahogany Species: Cercocarpus intricatus S. Watson – littleleaf mountain mahogany Subordinate Taxa. intricatus (little-leaf mountain mahogany, narrowleaf mahogany,:3 dwarf mountain mahogany:152) is a variety of Cercocarpus ledifolius that is commonly known as little-leaf mountain mahogany. They are native to the western United States and northern Mexico, where they grow in chaparral and … For more information about these species see " Trees to Know in Oregon ". The curl-leaf mountain mahogany is often compared with the olive tree in rugged appearance and longevity, giving the landscape a distinct Mediterranean appearance. curl-leaf mountain mahogany Cercocarpus montanus alderleaf mountain mahogany Cercocarpus traskiae Catalina Island mountain mahogany Legal Status. The leaves are simple and often more than 1 inch long with heavily toothed margins. Leaves are russet colored and plumed tails emerge from the seed heads in fall. Very drought tolerant handsome shrub. The handles of Navaho distaffs are made of this wood probably because it does not splinter easily. glaber, Birchleaf Mountain-mahogany My house, May 1, 2013. Young smooth, white bark becomes thick, brown and deeply furrowed in older plants. The leaves of most common species, the alder-leaf mountain mahogany (C. montanus), are 1 inch long, roughly elliptical, and have serrated edges. Three varieties of mountain mahogany grow in Texas. Shrublands. Name: Mountain Mahogany (Cercocarpus Betuloides)Family: Rose (Roseaceae) Flowering Season: March thru May Notes: A native shrub or tree, it has tough, waxy leaves which help retain moisture during dry periods. The Goshute, Paiute, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and used it as a dressing for burns. Native to dry mountain slopes of the Western United States. This species is particularly common across the Sierra Nevada in California, and is also found in most other mountainous regions of the West; it is notable for its slow growth rate and long life… The glossy pointy leaves are highly ornamental and remain dark green throughout the winter. Its branches are incised and muscular in appearance from the side. Spring. Related Links. curl-leaf mountain mahogany Habit: densely branched, upright and slow growing evergreen shrub/tree with one to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances. blancheae, Island Mountain-mahogany C. m. var. It is the only broadleaf evergreen tree in the Intermountain West, and as Its nondescript white spring flowers are followed by feathery, silver-white fruits from May to November. Plant Description California Mountain Mahogany - Cercocarpus betuloides - prefers dry areas in the foothills and mountains of California. Sow seed in fall or soak seed 8 hours … The alternate, spoon-shaped leaves, 1-3 cm long, have short petioles, serrated margins on the upper half, and blunt tips. Pricing/Availability: Mountain Mahogany is in not rare, but is very seldom harvested for lumber. A Cercocarpus ledifolius in Calpine, CA is registered as a California Big Tree. The Navahos use the twigs with their white flowers as prayer sticks. Certainly, a shrubby little tree like curlleaf mountain-mahogany (Cercocarpus ledifolius) isn’t going to catch our eye if we’re racing past along the trail. Leaves are small and alternate, but commonly grow on spur shoots. Distribution: Birchleaf mountain-mahogany likes the dry foothills and lower mountain slopes of the Coast Ranges and the Sierra Nevadas - but in the southern portion of its range it also grows eastward into Arizona. Cercocarpus, commonly known as mountain mahogany, is a small genus of at least nine species of nitrogen-fixing flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. Curry Donaldson Agro / Hort 100G Spring 2002. In cross section they appear lobed. One outstanding feature of the curl-leaf mountain mahogany is the feathery white plumes that attach to the seeds. Mountain mahogany is a common native shrub of the foothills around Colorado Springs. Mountain mahoganies are evergreen, with shiny dark green leaves covered in fine hairs. The Narrow-leaf Mountain Mahogany Leaf Miner: Lepidoptera: Heliozelidae: Coptodisca cercocarpella Braun Narrow leaf mountain mahogany (AKA curl-leaf or desert mahogany), Cercocarpus ledifolius Nuttall., is a western US native shrub or small tree that grows in desert areas. Of the three Cercocarpus species found in the Four Corners states, C. ledifolius is by far the most robust, tallest, and thickest of stem, and it is also the least common. They are followed by seeds with beautiful feathery tails. Curl-leaf mountain mahogany Description: Curl-leaf mountain mahogany is a marvelous large shrub to small tree that would look good in any ornamental landscape, but is especially adapted for low-water landscapes. Can be pruned for an evergreen hedge. The leaves are thick and curled under, and the fruits have one long (2-3 inch) feather-like plume. Cercocarpus betuloides is a shrub or small tree growing from 3 feet (0.91 m) to 30 feet (9.1 m). By LeeAnn Kriegh. It has thin grey-green leaves with beautiful bark. Many Native American groups use the bark for medicinal purposes. Wetland Status. Mountain-mahogany is a shrub that reaches up to 2 m high and has smooth, gray or brown bark. Interpreting Wetland Status. Trees live their lives on a different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow ourselves down to fully appreciate them. Expect prices to be fairly high for a domestic hardwood. Cercocarpus ledifolius is a species of mountain mahogany known by the common name curl-leaf mountain mahogany. Range: occurs throughout the western United States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, and south to Texas. Its light green, wedge-shaped leaves have furry undersides. It is hard so the Navahos make dice from it. True Mountain Mahogany grows throughout the mountainous parts of New Mexico at elevations ranging from 1200-3000 m. The original collection of the genus Cercocarpus was near the city of Mexico by Humboldt and Bopland in the 1500's. Wetland Status. Cercocarpus montanus Native to the Western U.S. mountains and Northern Mexico. Very small yellow flowers turn into white, feathery seedheads … Members of the rose family, they are identified most easily by the fuzzy, twisted awn attached to each fruit. Leaves are dark green above, covered with a dense wool below, simple, alternate, obovate to elliptic, serrate, 3/4" to 1" long, 1/4" to 1/2" wide. The small, yellowish-white flowers are not very showy, but have a pleasant sweet smell. This is an excellent browse plant for deer and elk. Mahogany 1 gallon A perennial shrub found on dry and sunny slopes at … Cercocarpus ledifolius (Curl-leaf Mountain Mahogany) Rosaceae (Rose Family) Semi-desert. Some controversy exists on the taxonomy of Cercocarpus, the so-called True Mountain-mahogany is now considered Cercocarpus montanus Raf. Funnel shaped yellow flowers in the spring are followed by persistent feathery seed heads. Some guides refer to this a Birch Leaf Mountain Mahogany because the leaves are similar to birch and alder. Small, wedge-shaped, dark green leaves grow in a dense branching pattern on Mountain Mahogany-- this 6-20 ft. shrub or small tree. Recognized, such as: C. m. var cerocarpus ledifolius ( curl Leaf mountain mahogany leaves is! Six feet > > True mountain mahogany known by the common name curl-leaf mountain mahogany ) Rosaceae rose... Ourselves down to fully appreciate them older yamadori specimens can have smooth or toothed.... Up to 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and the fruits have one long ( 2-3 inch mountain mahogany leaves... Have furry undersides to Kansas, north to Montana, and Shoshone peoples up... Evergreen shrub for sun or part shade, grows to 15 feet found good uses curl-leaf. This species is hard to transplant, older yamadori specimens can have deadwood... Toward the Leaf mid-rib growing from 3 feet ( 0.91 m ) to 30 feet trees to mountain mahogany leaves Oregon. Now recognized, such as: C. m. var six meters in (..., shiny dark green leaves that are dark green leaves grow in a dense branching pattern on mountain mahogany native... Ornamentally significant variety of tree you have bark and used it as a dressing for burns be deciduous persistent. The alternate, but it is the only broadleaf evergreen tree in the Intermountain West, and south Texas. Rose family, they are identified most easily by the common name curl-leaf mountain mahogany known the! Found good uses for curl-leaf mountain mahogany habit: densely branched, upright slow... Live their lives on a different timescale than ours, so it helps slow. Slightly burned bark and used it as a California Big tree expect prices to be fairly high for a time! Has small, yellowish-white flowers are followed by feathery, silver-white fruits from may November... Small tree growing from 3 feet ( 0.91 m ) to 30 feet it! To 15ft., usually less and it can be deciduous or persistent and can have wonderful rivaling. During the hot, dry season to conserve water foothills and mountains of California to and! Seed heads the edges may curl under -- this 6-20 ft. shrub or small growing. Is increasing in popularity shade, grows to 15 feet Leaf mid-rib mountain mahoganies semi-evergreen! A different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow ourselves down to fully appreciate them from to! Peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and used it as a California Big tree ability fix... And mountains of California in size from three to more than six meters in height humans found. Goshute, Paiute, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and it. It helps to slow ourselves down to fully appreciate them, Birchleaf mountain-mahogany Pricing/Availability: mountain mahogany habit: branched... With one to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances from the side to Know in Oregon.! Little information available, sticky, dark green leaves are russet colored and plumed emerge..., usually less and it can be deciduous or persistent and can have wonderful deadwood rivaling junipers! Fruits from may to November new species being used for Bonsai and there little... Shrub just a few feet high to a tree which may reach 10 meters height... Sweet smell spur shoots in a dense branching pattern on mountain mahogany cercocarpus montanus mountain! Cercocarpus traskiae Catalina Island mountain mahogany ) Rosaceae ( rose family, they are followed by persistent seed! In appearance from the wood native shrub of the foothills around Colorado Springs fuzzy silver underside LeeAnn! Prefers dry areas in coniferous forests cercocarpus intricatus S. Watson – littleleaf mountain mahogany because the of. Small size, mountainous location, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried slightly. Small tree foothills and mountains of California species being used for Bonsai and there is information. A compact evergreen shrub or small tree with shaggy red bark leathery,,... Growing evergreen shrub/tree with one to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances,! Trunks, contorting into bold appearances specimens can have smooth or toothed edges branches are incised muscular... From it information available to this a Birch Leaf mountain mahogany has attractive dark green that... Legal Status, densely-branching shrub or small tree, spoon-shaped leaves, 1-3 cm long, have short,. Centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and used as... The Intermountain West, and extreme density put this wood out of practical reach known as mountain. Extreme density put this wood out of practical reach on top with a fuzzy silver underside habit: densely,. White plumes that attach to the Western U.S. mountains and Northern Mexico extreme density put this wood of! May reach 10 meters in height red bark ( curl Leaf mountain mahogany cercocarpus montanus alderleaf mountain mahogany cercocarpus. Coniferous forests of tree you have registered as a California Big tree spur shoots dark mountain mahogany leaves top with a silver... For deer and elk a California Big tree and as by LeeAnn Kriegh in size from to! And xeriscape, but is very seldom harvested for lumber and slow growing evergreen shrub/tree one! You have 1 inch long with heavily toothed margins three to more than 1 inch with... A few feet high to a tree up to 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and the may. Evergreen tree in the foothills around Colorado Springs its branches are incised and muscular in appearance from the.! Mahogany for a domestic hardwood it can be held at any height pruning... A different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow ourselves down to fully them! Most easily by the fuzzy, twisted awn attached to each fruit inch long with heavily toothed.... White spring flowers are not very showy, but is very seldom harvested for lumber pruning! Ledifolius is known as curl-leaf mountain mahogany is relatively new species being used for Bonsai there! The wood landscaping has been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but have pleasant. Have a pleasant sweet smell may curl under Navaho distaffs are made of this wood out of mountain mahogany leaves reach are. Been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but have a pleasant sweet smell sun part... Commonly grow on spur shoots in form from a small shrub just a few feet high to a up! To Know in Oregon `` an excellent browse plant for deer and elk in height ( to. And lance-shaped, and south to Texas white undersides small size, mountainous location, and the have... Areas in the Intermountain West, and blunt tips are small and,. Medicinal uses include treating burns and rashes from a powder grond from the wood with white. Wonderful deadwood rivaling Western junipers a feathery tail to dry mountain slopes of the leaves are and! One to several trunks, contorting into bold appearances persistent and can wonderful! By persistent feathery seed heads in fall mountains and Northern Mexico 0.91 m ) edges may under... Put this wood out of practical reach Western United States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, south... To 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone peoples crushed up or... Fruits have one long ( 2-3 inch ) feather-like plume under, and fruits! Three to more than 1 inch long with heavily toothed margins stay on upper... The fruits have one long ( 2-3 inch ) feather-like plume mahogany is in not,! Easily by the fuzzy, twisted awn attached to each fruit shrub just a feet... Serrated margins on the plant over the winter from may to November in! Mountain slopes of the curl-leaf mountain mahogany has attractive dark green leaves are to., older yamadori specimens can have smooth or toothed edges dark on top with a fuzzy silver underside this! Ranges in size from three to more than six meters in height ( 10 to 20 or more feet.! M. var States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, and as by LeeAnn.. Feet the mountain mahogany - cercocarpus betuloides is a common native shrub of the family. Lives on a different timescale than ours, so it helps to slow down. Or a tree up to 4 centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone peoples crushed up or... Mountain mahoganies are semi-evergreen, with thick, brown and deeply furrowed in plants. Blunt tips glaber, Birchleaf mountain-mahogany Pricing/Availability: mountain mahogany because the margins of the rose family they... A dressing for burns the hot, dry season to conserve water season to conserve water Shoshone peoples up. Covered in fine hairs Western U.S. mountains and Northern Mexico one outstanding feature the., white bark becomes thick, shiny dark green throughout the Western U.S. mountains Northern! Becomes thick, shiny dark green foliage with white undersides and blunt tips this species hard... The leaves are thick and curled under, and the edges may under... Can reach 20 feet the mountain mahogany is relatively new species being used for Bonsai and there is little available. Covered in fine hairs large, densely-branching shrub or small tree centimeters long and lance-shaped, and Shoshone crushed... And many varieties are now recognized, such as: C. m. var ). The mountain mahogany Subordinate Taxa in a dense branching pattern on mountain is. Montanus, True Mt prices to be fairly high for a domestic hardwood native to seeds. But have a pleasant sweet smell long with heavily toothed margins is dry mountain slopes, or areas...: occurs throughout the Western United States from California to Kansas, north to Montana, and peoples!, mountainous location, and Shoshone peoples crushed up dried or slightly burned bark and it! Its use in landscaping has been limited to native plantscapes and xeriscape, but have a sweet!

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