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how to avoid aflatoxin

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Don’t Buy in Bulk or DIY: Do-it-yourself nut butters found in health food stores typically have higher levels of aflatoxin, as these nuts are stored in the grinding chamber for weeks or months. Eds Barug D. et al. Peanuts are consumed in high amounts in countries across Asia and also in the U.S, plus they are used in many other types of processed foods (peanut butter, cereals, packaged snacks like cookies, ice cream, etc). The FDA has set “actionable limits” (maximum tolerable level of total aflatoxins) for foods like corn and peanuts to try and control how much aflatoxin is can make its way into available foods sold to humans and used for livestock feed. To avoid microbial activity and aflatoxin production, the moisture content in dried pods should not exceed 10 per cent by weight. With strict editorial sourcing guidelines, we only link to academic research institutions, reputable media sites and, when research is available, medically peer-reviewed studies. Here are several tips for purchasing and handling foods, plus supplements that can boost … But as aflatoxin levels rise, rejects can spike significantly higher, even though far more shipments are caught before export. In many countries regulations have been put into play to help limit exposure to aflatoxins by testing and properly harvesting and processing foods known to be contaminated. and Harris, C.C. Dietary modulation of the biotransformation and genotoxicity of aflatoxin B(1). Lactic acid produced during fermentation reduces mold growth and aflatoxin production because of competition for nutrients between bacterial cells and mold/fungi. Avoid bulk nuts for the same reason. You can even freeze them to prolong freshness, Soak, sprout and ferment grains, beans, legumes nuts and seeds before eating them! Buy from companies that you trust and who take aflatoxin contamination seriously. Supply the Antidote: A number of foods have been found to decrease the cancer-causing effects of aflatoxin. If one peanut is moldy, it's best to throw away the whole pack of aflaoxin peanuts.. Aflatoxin … It’s found in certain commonly eaten foods including peanuts, peanut butter and corn, and is most harmful in parts of the world where people consume large amount of these foods, such as Asia and Africa.  The species of molds that combine to form aflatoxin grow in soils when conditions are just right, including when decaying food, plants, hay and grains are piled together to decompose in areas with high moisture and high temperatures. There are natural molds found around the world and concentrated most in the human food supply in areas with wet and warm climates. Aflatoxins … Reputable, small sellers who grow organic crops are most likely to harvest them at the right time and keep them stored properly, Store grains, corn and nuts in places that are dry and cool to prevent mold growth. The strains of aflatoxin most common in foods include B1, B2, G1 and G2. As cells grow and divide unchecked, tumors form. Bennett J.W., & Klich M. Mycotoxins Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 2003, 16(3), 497-516. (6). Food Chem Toxicol. & detox juicing guide. At this dosage, the harm of aflatoxin in food to the human body can be neglected. It has also been correlated with human liver cancer in developing countries where consumption of peanuts and other aflatoxin-contaminated foods is high. Reasons to soak and sprout your grains, nuts and legumes: Some studies have found that soaking and fermenting grains and nuts can lower the presence of aflatoxin significantly. Corn tends to be grown in humid climates that are likely to have contaminated soils. In animal studies, high levels of aflatoxin consumption has been shown to be poisonous, and in human observation studies aflatoxin consumption correlates with an increased the risk for certain illnesses and dangerous symptoms. Aflatoxin also causes liver cells to die and reduces your liver’s ability to produce glutathione – another powerful cancer-fighting substance. The species of molds that combine to form aflatoxin … How to avoid aflatoxin. (9), Heating processes performed at temperatures between 100 and 150°C (equal to 221–302 °F) for 90 minutes significantly decreased the level of AFB1 by 41.9 percent and 81.2 percent respectively. (5). Therefore, it is recommended that you should clean the refrigerator once a week to avoid the growth of aflatoxin and some bacteria, which will bring benefits to health. (7). The following are some ways in which you can curb contamination as a result of the metabolite: Health benefits of cinnamon. A 2015 study published in the International Journal of Food Microbiology found strong support for soaking, sprouting and fermenting grains, nuts and legumes due to how lactic acid and other beneficial types of bacteria wind up minimizing aflatoxin’s effects. Agricultural procedures used in the processing of corn, legumes, soy and peanuts can help to reduce contamination, but the risk still cannot be totally eliminated. (This is because they use Valencia peanuts, grown in dry-weather environments, like New Mexico, that do not favor the growth of Aspergillis fungus). Secondly, certain supplements can also help the body detoxify itself of aflatoxin and raise immunity against its effects. Wondering what else you can do to avoid aflatoxin symptoms? How do you prevent aflatoxin? Aflatoxins can be controlled both pre- and post-harvest Control measures are required both pre- and postharvest. However there’s evidence that this amount doesn’t do enough to protect everybody, especially people living in under-developed countries where these crops are consumed in high amounts and immunity is already low for other reasons. Research has shown that consuming aflatoxin through the food supply is one of the major causes of liver disease (specifically the type called hepatocellular carcinoma) in certain countries such as China and Africa. (10) Lactic acid seems to ultimately bind to aflatoxins in grains, legumes and nuts, cuts off its energy supply, and also boosts availability of other beneficial proteins, vitamins and enzymes. Because some populations eating a lot of corn might already have impaired immunity, aflatoxin in corn is a big concern for liver disease formation. Since aflatoxin is the most well-known mycotoxin ever throughly studied and its prevention and control has been most successfully practiced in various countries, therefore, this paper will focus on such practices in certain detail for the prevention and control of aflatoxins … Aflatoxins are a family of toxins produced by certain fungi that are found on agricultural crops such as maize (corn), peanuts, cottonseed, and tree nuts. According to the Official Journal of The Society of Toxicology, most nations have allow a range of aflatoxin in corn and peanuts between 4 to 20ng/g. The USDA will ban any crop with detectable contamination. The information in our articles is NOT intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. Toxicology. Here are several tips for purchasing and handling foods, plus supplements that can boost detox effects: Consume the supplements below that can boost detoxification effects, cleanse the liver and improve digestion: Dr. Josh Axe is on a mission to provide you and your family with the highest quality nutrition tips and healthy recipes in the world...Sign up to get VIP access to his eBooks and valuable weekly health tips for FREE! No reproduction, transmission or display is permitted without the written permissions of Health-e Enterprises, LLC. PCBs in Farm Raised Fish Increase Belly Fat (Cancer and Diabetes Too), Shiitake Mushrooms: A Cancer-Fighting Fungus, Staib, F., Hussain, S.P., Hofseth, L.J., Wang, X.W. However, the truth is that we don’t know how much (if any) aflatoxin is safe. The limits in Europe are much lower. Guidelines for preventing mycotoxins in farm … From peanut butter sandwiches to peanut butter cookies, candies and peanut-filled trail mix, Americans consume over 1.5 billion pounds of peanut products each year. Aflatoxin is a type of mold that is considered a human carcinogen. “In a sense, these higher levels of aflatoxin … But beware: Tuna and … Papain: Beneficial Enzyme or Commercial Fad? This post may contain affiliate links. Okay, so, it’s not a food, but alcohol makes the top of the list for being contaminated with … Aflatoxin is a type of mold that is considered a human carcinogen. Aflatoxins … (2003) TP53 and liver carcinogenesis. Unlike many pathogens, you cannot cook a food to destroy aflatoxin. Aflatoxins alter your body on a cellular level and encourage cancerous cell growth. It’s found in certain commonly eaten foods including groundnuts and maize, and is most harmful to these foods in … Here are some ways you and your family can help slow the spread of coronavirus disease. Be sure to include these in your diet. Humidity levels, temperature, and other conditions must be addressed to prevent the bacterium, which causes aflatoxin … After harvesting, the fungus continues to grow – producing more aflatoxin – as the peanuts are stored and further processed. Aflatoxins are widespread in nature and in human life. The best approach to contain the problem of aflatoxin is prevention and enough is now known about prevention to reduce contamination drastically. Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) Aflatoxins are the most potent naturally occurring toxin and liver carcinogens known and their contamination of food is a significant risk factor for human health. Tuna. Long-term exposure to aflatoxin is a major risk factor for cancer of liver called hepatocellular carcinoma, which causes liver scarring, loss of nutrients, inflammation of the digestive tract and other serious problems that can lead to death. 2. While aflatoxin is a known carcinogen, and can be fatal to people in large doses, some of the other potential health impacts of consuming moderate amounts of aflatoxin over long periods of … Harvesting must be done in such a way to prevent damage to the seed coat and to assure maximum cleaning of grain, since damaged seed and foreign material contribute to the development of aflatoxin. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. Her passion is educating on how foods promote health and protect against disease and creating simple and delicious recipes for vibrant health and enjoyment. This is an easy step you can do at home that doesn’t take much time, boosts the availability of nutrients and helps lower presence of “, There’s also some evidence that eating detoxifying vegetables like carrots and celery reduces the carcinogenic effects of aflatoxins and helps cleanse the liver, Activated charcoal can help bind to aflatoxin mold and carry it out of the body more easily. The cutting … The most long-term, stable solution to controlling pre-harvest aflatoxin contamination is through enhancing the ability of the crop to resist fungal infection and/or prevent production of aflatoxins … On the other hand, nuts also have many health benefits, and it makes no sense to avoid nuts just because they may contain aflatoxins. Kelley Herring, founder of Healing Gourmet, is a natural nutrition enthusiast with a background in biochemistry. And peanuts, with their thin, porous shells and primary growing region in the Southern hemisphere, are prime candidates for this type of fungal invasion. (1), There are actually at least 13 different types of naturally-occurring aflatoxin toxic molds that researchers have been able to identify. If you often feel like you could use a quick boost in ... Turkey is a nutritional powerhouse, so you want to make sure to ... You may already know that eucalyptus oil is recommended for treating a ... Apple Cider Vinegar Benefits and Uses (30!). Epub 2006 Apr 27. Some researchers feel that “most current regulatory standards are not adequately protective even if enforced” considering that more than 1 in 100,000 people in some nations are believed to be at risk for experiencing life-threatening aflatoxin poisoning. Click here to read my affiliate policy. 2012 Sep 28;299(2-3):69-79. doi: 10.1016/j.tox.2012.05.016. The information presented on this website is not intended as specific medical advice and is not a substitute for professional medical treatment or diagnosis. According to the FDA, poisoning is relatively rare but more dangerous and can lead to problems like liver cancer, mental impairments, digestive reactions, coma, hemorrhages and malabsorption. These include Apiaceous vegetables (carrots, celery, parsnips, and parsley), chlorophyll (found in green vegetables, spirulina and chlorella), garlic and onions. Hum Mutat, 21, 201-216. They found that these processes significantly decreased aflatoxin levels, as did heating the soybeans at high temperatures. These moulds grow in agricultural commodities such as tree nuts, peanuts, rice, corn, sorghum, wheat, millet, sesame seeds, sunflower seeds, cotton seeds, chili peppers etc. And while this all-American “nut” is touted as a healthy and inexpensive source of protein and folate, peanuts are not the health food they’re cracked up to be. Also, note that aflatoxin can be found in spices, coffee, cocoa, dried fruit, figs and tree nuts. Mouldy peanuts. 2006 Sep;44(9):1474-84. Copyright © 2019 Health-e Enterprises, LLC. Conventional chemical and physical approaches have been insufficient to eliminate aflatoxins … It’s no secret that Americans love peanuts. Food suppliers also try to lower risk for contamination by: keeping crops from becoming overly moist and warm, harvesting food when it’s ripe (crop drying and mold growth can occur if crops are left too long and dry out), and preventing bugs and rodents from accessing the crops and spreading molds. Aflatoxin in peanuts are another major concern for the same reasons. There is no way to remove it from your food, and so the only way to minimise its consumption is to avoid … Aflatoxin is a type of mold that is considered a human carcinogen. Ammoniating aflatoxin-contaminated grain stabilizes the level of concentration, but this does not eliminate the problem. Epub 2012 May 26. Aflatoxin … Aflatoxin seems to affect the ways that cells reproduce and also targets the liver, affecting the way that other substances are metabolized and eliminated, and possibly increasing food allergy reactions. In fact, ingesting low levels of aflatoxin over a long period of time has been implicated in liver cancer, chronic hepatitis, jaundice, cirrhosis and impaired nutrient assimilation. are clickable links to these studies. How to Avoid Aflatoxin Foods & Lower Exposure. Buy from companies that you trust and who take aflatoxin … Avoid Entirely: Your best defense is to avoid the four foods that are most frequently contaminated with aflatoxin including: Buy (and Eat) Selectively: Always avoid eating nuts that look moldy, discolored or shriveled. ingesting low levels of aflatoxin over a long period of time has been implicated in liver cancer, chronic hepatitis, jaundice, cirrhosis and impaired nutrient assimilation. All rights reserved. Moldy cutting board. But there is another reason to be cautious about America’s favorite snack food: Aflatoxin is a mold toxin. Try consuming them ideally within 1–2 months, Buy the freshest ingredients you can, ideally those grown close to your location and not shipped overseas. After reading the above, you may ask, how do we know the aflatoxin content in milk powder is already remove after degradation? However, this isn’t exactly a great solution because high heat has the ability to alter other nutrients found in legumes, destroy vitamins and turn them “rancid.”. The level of aflatoxin contamination in any given food will vary with geographic location, along with how the food was grown. ... in the United States is your best bet to avoid … Your email address will not be published. The consumption of “staple crops” that can contain aflatoxin, such as corn and peanuts, are used globally, and even a small of aflatoxin in the food supply can wind up spreading and causing problems. How badly a person is affected by aflatoxin will depend on factors like their current state of health, level and duration of exposure, strength of their immune and digestive system, and overall quality of their diet. Even if you ask does peanut butter contains aflatoxin, the answer is probable.. 1. The Department of Food Science and Biotechnology at Dongguk University in Korea did experiments to test the effects of soaking/sprouting/fermenting soybeans on the level of B1 aflatoxin that was able to survive. Our team aims to be not only thorough with its research, but also objective and unbiased. Wondering what else you can do to avoid aflatoxin symptoms? US food safety regulations have set a limit of 20 µg/kg of aflatoxin in food products. The Truth About Oats & Gluten, Dangers of Energy Drinks + Healthy Alternatives to Boost Alertness, 47 Terrific Leftover Turkey Recipes for After Thanksgiving, Eucalyptus Leaves Benefits, Uses & Side Effects (Plus How to Grow), damage to the digestive organs including the liver and kidneys, possibly a higher risk for liver cancer, viral hepatitis (HBV) or parasite infestation, the biggest threat is the symptoms seen in patients in liver diseases: vomiting, abdominal pain, water retention, pulmonary edema, convulsions, coma, and even death, milk and cheese (rarely, meat can also become contaminated due to the spreading in aflatoxin in livestock feed), nuts (especially almonds, Brazil nuts, pecans, pistachios and walnuts), although it’s not commonly eaten, cottonseed is also a major crop that tends to grow aflatoxin, Don’t keep grains and nuts (corn, peanuts, almonds, for example) for long periods of time. And because aflatoxins are very stable, they can survive high temperatures with little degradation. Aflatoxin consumption by livestock and poultry results in a disease called aflatoxicosis. Sold in bulk products are more likely to develop aflatoxins that those sold wrapped and packaged. The FDA has set a maximum permissible level for aflatoxin of 20 parts per billion, and the USDA inspects peanut shipments for any sign of the mold. Avoid crowds and practice social distancing (stay at least 6 feet apart from others). Posted on November 18, 2019 by Josephine Many friends have the consciousness about anti-cancer and eat a variety of anti-cancer foods every day, but did not find that their home has become a settlement for carcinogen aflatoxin. What foods may contain aflatoxin? Wageningen, Wageningen Academic Publishers, 2006. That means cooking, baking or roasting doesn’t afford any protection, according to recent studies. Many people choose to avoid peanuts due to food allergies. Aflatoxin promotes cancer by targeting a specific gene called, p53. This is also known as the “tumor suppressor gene,” for its ability to halt the formation of tumors. Researchers have found a way to prevent the loss of millions of tons of crops to a fungus each year, offering the potential to dramatically improve food security. This is because aflatoxin is a toxin produced by a pathogen, not a pathogen itself. Aflatoxins are one of the most potent and dangerous groups of mycotoxins, produced by certain moulds such as Aspergillus Flavus and … Necessary pre- and post-harvesting practices. Alcohol.  After humans or other mammals consume aflatoxin metabolic processes turn then into metabolites M1 and M2 which have ” high carcinogenic potential.” International Agency for Research on Cancer has classified aflatoxin B1 as a “Group I carcinogen” that’s capable of raising the risk for cancer. Chemically speaking, aflatoxin is a type of “mycotoxin” which is produced by two different species of mold: Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. The team’s approach uses transgenic corn plants that produce small RNA molecules that prevent fungi from producing aflatoxin. The foods and crops most likely to be contaminated with aflatoxin include: Experts believe that the biggest threat of aflatoxin to human health globally is the contamination of corn, since it’s such a widely-consumed, staple crop in many parts of the world that people depend on. After removing the aflatoxin, the dosage of it in the food is under 0.5 ug/kg. If you can avoid aflatoxins or cleanse them out of your system, you reduce your odds of getting cancer. Fish is a superfood that's good for your brain and heart. (3). Peterson S, Lampe JW, Bammler TK, Gross-Steinmeyer K, Eaton DL. Detox Your Liver: Try My 6-Step Liver Cleanse, MCT Oil Health Benefits, Dosage Recommendations and Recipes, Bone Broth Benefits for Digestion, Arthritis and Cellulite, Chia Seeds Benefits: The Omega-3, Protein-Packed Superfood, 9 Proven Black Seed Oil Benefits that Boost Your Health, Top 15 Potassium-Rich Foods to Start Eating Today, Are Oats Gluten-Free? For example, MaraNatha asserts that every one of their nut butters is virtually aflatoxin free. Others follow a legume-free Paleo diet, or reduce consumption of peanut products due to the inflammatory omega-6 fats (the predominant fat in peanuts). It … It’s found in certain commonly eaten foods including peanuts, peanut butter and corn, and is most harmful in parts of the world where people consume large amount of these foods, such as Asia and Africa. People living in Third World countries are most likely to be impacted by the negative effects of aflatoxin poisoning, but this doesn’t mean that developed nations are totally safe. It’s also possible for aflatoxin mold to form in grains grown under poor conditions, such as those experiencing droughts. (4). Ingestion of nuts that contain high levels of aflatoxins may also lead to acute aflatoxin poisoning which may cause abdominal pain, vomiting, excess fluid in the lungs, fatty liver, and necrosis of the liver. Of the 13 species, the type called aflatoxin B1 is considered the most toxic, capable of causing health problems such as liver disease or cancer, autoimmune responses, digestive issues and in rare cases even death. “Healing Gourmet” is a registered trademark of Health-e Enterprises, LLC. In fact this gene is so important in the formation and spread of cancer that a recent paper, published in the journal, Nature, states that: It seems nearly impossible for a normal cell to become a cancer cell unless it inactivates the p53 network. How to avoid aflatoxin contamination in crops? (, Gross-Steinmeyer K, Eaton DL. The spread of aflatoxin in corn can be hard to control because of the enormous quantity that it’s grown in, how long it’s stored and how often it’s processed to form other foods to be shipped globally. There are measures that can be taken to … Aflatoxins are one of the most potent and dangerous groups of mycotoxins, produced by certain moulds such as Aspergillus Flavus and Aspergillus Parasiticus. In addition, most American food processors have established rigorous programs to monitor the presence of aflatoxin. And even very small exposures can add up to a significant cumulative burden. Regulatory guidelines of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) specifically prevent the sale of commodities if contamination by aflatoxins exceeds 20 ppb total aflatoxins for interstate commerce of food and feedstuff and 0.5 ppb aflatoxin … In years with low aflatoxin levels, rejected shipments overseas can drop to less than half a percent. Note that the numbers in parentheses (1, 2, etc.) have died due to contamination of their food supply, especially peanut flour or cottonseed, which can sometimes become home to a dozen different strains of aflatoxin. The mycotoxin factbook: Food & feed topics. Does cooking peanuts and corn help to reduce aflatoxin? It is produced by a species of fungus, called Aspergillus,  that thrives in the soil around crops grown in a hot, humid environment. Aflatoxin exposure from peanuts can be controlled and reduced by visually checking nuts for moldy-looking, discolored, or shriveled specimens, which should be discarded (this isn’t like potatoes chips where the dark ones taste better; any discoloration could be a sign of harmful mold). are clickable links to medically peer-reviewed studies. Consider the Feed: Because aflatoxin is also found in the milk and meat of animals given contaminated feed, be sure to choose grass-fed beef and dairy products from a farmer you trust – like U.S. Wellness Meats. Required fields are marked *, In this FREE RECIPE BOOK Discover How to Put Your Keto Diet on Autopilot and Enjoy the Most Delicious Dinners You've Ever Set on the Table…, 7341 East 200 South, Huntsville, UT 84310. Buy (and Eat) Selectively: Always avoid eating nuts that look moldy, discolored or shriveled. Apiaceous vegetable constituents inhibit human cytochrome P-450 1A2 (hCYP1A2) activity and hCYP1A2-mediated mutagenicity of aflatoxin B1. How to avoid aflatoxin. (, The p53 tumor suppressor protein – Genes and Disease – NCBI Bookshelf (. This Dr. Axe content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure factually accurate information. Long-term, some of the symptoms that aflatoxin exposure can cause include: Research shows that aflatoxin targets the digestive organs most, especially the liver by raising the risk for liver cancer, heptitis and liver disease. The almond industry has programs and procedures in place to minimize aflatoxins at every stage of production—not just in response to sampling, testing, and processing, but also focusing on the orchard environment, where aflatoxin … Over the last 100 years, there are have also been several occurrences when large populations of livestock (cattle, ducks, chicken, etc.) (2). The Almond Board Of California’s research into minimizing Navel Orangeworm to prevent aflatoxin. Toxin: Mercury. Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective exercise specialists. (. Without p53, there is no “stop signal” for cell division. Wondering if the FDA, or any other governing/health authority, does anything to control the spread of aflaxotin in the human supply? Additionally, once crops are picked it matters how they are handled, processed and stored, since all of these can affect whether or not aflatoxin is able to survive and thrive. Some research shows that crops being grown in humid locations such as Brazil and China are most likely to contain aflatoxin. How to avoid aflatoxin? Aflatoxin molds are not entirely killed off even when corn, grains peanuts or other foods are processed or roasted, so it can even show up in things like peanut butter and many processed products. Also, note that aflatoxin can be found in spices, coffee, cocoa, dried fruit, figs and tree nuts. What can you do to avoid aflatoxin and lower the risk for symptoms it can cause (such as allergies and fatigue)? We can use BALLYA aflatoxin … One piece of good news is that traditional processes used to make corn tortillas, which employ alkaline conditions or oxidizing steps, can help kill aflatoxin since the mold has a hard time standing up to these ingredients. How to prevent ingesting to many aflatoxins Legumes in a market. According to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA): To date, there has never been a human illness outbreak caused by aflatoxins in the US, where foods are carefully regulated and inspected to prevent … Aflatoxin can develop within 24 hours in mold- and fungi-infected corn stored under these conditions, even though corn was previously free of aflatoxin. 30 Gluten-Free Recipes It has been found to cause liver cancer in animals. When selecting Brazil nuts, avoid nuts that look damaged, moldy or discolored. Your email address will not be published. Unfortunately, aflatoxin makes its way into some popular  “healthy” foods that aren’t actually healthy. There are many different types of molds and fungus that can grow in food, including various species of mycotoxins, but aflatoxin has gained attention more than most others because studies have found clear evidence of its potential for causing carcinogenic effects. and in a variety of spices. There are two ways that aflatoxin contamination usually occurs: Either someone consumes large amounts at once and experiences “poisoning”, or they slowly acquire aflatoxin over time in smaller quantities. Aflatoxin enters the body through certain widely-available foods, especially grains and legumes, so making changes to your diet is the first step. While the idea of eating moldy foods may seem unpalatable, there’s a more serious reason to avoid this toxin: Aflatoxin is a powerful carcinogen (a cancer-causing agent) and mutagen (a substance that mutates cells). The main fungi that produce aflatoxins are … Your taste buds are also a great indicator: if you think the nuts taste moldy, they probably contain mycotoxins such as aflatoxin.

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