evolution of popular music
In my U2 class, we listen to … Better yet, it offered a wide range of free music that required none of the musical skills, expensive instruments, or sheet music necessary for creating one’s own music in the home, nor the expense of purchasing records to play on the gramophone. They described their new culture as hip-hop, after a common phrase chanted at dance parties in New York’s Bronx borough. Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry.These forms and styles can be enjoyed and performed by people with little or no musical training. The origins of pop music can be found in a variety of different musical styles, including the jazzy piano melodies of ragtime, a musical trend associated with the late 19th to early 20th centuries. Britney Spears was one of the driving forces behind the teen-pop phenomenon of the late 1990s, paving the way for pop stars Christina Aguilera and Pink. Fronted by vocalist and guitarist Kurt Cobain, Nirvana came to be identified with Generation X—the post–baby boom generation, many of whom came from broken families and experienced violence both on television and in real life. Berliner founded the Berliner Gramophone Company to manufacture his discs, and he encouraged popular operatic singers such as Enrico Caruso and Dame Nellie Melba to record their music using his system. Hip-hop and gangsta rap maintained their popularity in the early 1990s with artists such as Tupac Shakur, the Notorious B.I.G., Dr. Dre, Eazy-E, Ice Cube, and Snoop Dogg at the top of the charts. Popular music is a key cultural expression that has captured listeners' attention for ages. In the 50s began the true popular period of the soul music. For some, selfish views took the place of concern with social issues and political activism, causing writer Tom Wolfe to label the 1970s the “me” decade (Wolfe, 1976). However, it was the introduction of a White man who sang songs written by Black musicians that helped rock and roll really spread across state and racial lines. Music Genres Timeline Timeline Description: The timeline below provides an overview of popular musical styles from the Baroque period through the modern world. Stuart Blacklock – Leevers Rich series D2B – CC BY-ND 2.0. This ultimately resulted in payola—the illegal practice of receiving payment from a record company for broadcasting a particular song on the radio. Demers, Joanna. The Tin Pan Alley tradition of song publishing continued throughout the first half of the 20th century with the show tunes and soothing ballads of Irving Berlin, Cole Porter, and George Gershwin, and songwriting teams of the early 1950s, such as Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. However, in America and Great Britain, the 1900 … In 1948, Columbia Records perfected the 12-inch 33 rpm long-playing (LP) disc, which could play up to 25 minutes per side and had a lower level of surface noise than the earlier (and highly breakable) shellac discs (Lomax, 2003). Equally flamboyant, but rising out of a more electronic sound, disco also emerged in the 1970s. The postwar boom of the 1930s and early 1940s provided many teenagers spending money for records. New technology continued to develop in the 1950s with the introduction of television. This would have a huge impact on the popular music industry, enabling members of the middle class to purchase technology that was previously available only to an elite few. Popular disco artists included KC and the Sunshine Band, Gloria Gaynor, the Bee Gees, and Donna Summer, who helped to pioneer its electronic sound. Radio airplay helped to promote and sell records and the recording artists themselves, which in turn stabilized the recording industry. The punk rock movement emerged out of CBGB, a small bar in New York City that featured bands such as Television, Blondie, and the Ramones. The Sex Pistols, fronted by Johnny Rotten, developed an aggressive, pumping sound that appealed to a rebellious generation of listeners, although the band was disparaged by many critics at the time. The music industry as we know it was just beginning and all things seemed possible. Pop music is often considered a reflection of changing culture in the United States — and between 1960 and 2010, songs featured in the Billboard Hot 100 varied greatly. The Evolution of Popular Music, by year, in the U.S.A. (1890-2009) After some good feedback from my historical look at dances, I decided to turn my attention to popular music. Nonetheless, there was a considerable amount of crossover among audiences. The Chicago blues, characterized by the use of electric guitar and harmonica, provided the foundations of rock and roll. Established by New Orleans musicians such as King Oliver and his protégé, Louis Armstrong, who is considered by many to be one of the greatest jazz soloists in history, jazz spread along the Mississippi River by the bands that traveled up and down the river playing on steamboats. Elvis Presley, a singer and guitarist, the “King of Rock and Roll,” further helped make music written by Black individuals acceptable to mainstream White audiences and also helped popularize rockabilly—a blend of rock and country music—with Black audiences during the mid-1950s. Assess the impact of three technologies that changed the face of the music industry. To analyse the evolution of musical variety we began by classifying our songs. Whereas many British youths expressed their displeasure through punk music, many disenfranchised Black American youths in the 1980s turned to hip-hop—a term for the urban culture that includes break dancing, graffiti art, and the musical techniques of rapping, sampling, and scratching records. &ÿ&TI¹B7È¤Bfµo@*M 9£Z²úu«ÕòQõ9àXæLêÔP7Pþ ú±ãËViÉ¨Pc8¢SÝ ®÷lXlÇßb`h²b CÊ Rounds, Dwight. By the end of the decade, country artists, like Carrie Underwood and Taylor Swift, transitioned from country stars to bona fide pop stars. The flux of fashion is especially obvious for popular music. Artists such as Common, Mos Def, and the Black Eyed Peas found success even though they didn’t represent traditional stereotypes of hip-hop. Elvis Presley brought the style of R&B bluesmen to mainstream audiences in the 1950s. “Sampling the 1970s in Hip-Hop,” Popular Music 21 (2003): 41–56. B. As the decade progressed, social attitudes toward racial segregation relaxed and big bands became more racially integrated. Following the devastation of the first World War, Twenties music was quite upbeat and optimistic as the economy boomed and parties roared despite prohibition in the US. By the early 1950s, this musical blend gave birth to “rock and roll.” Indeed, pop music as it is today would not be what it is today without that evolution. Stations became more dependent on recorded music to fill airtime, and in 1955 the Top 40 format was born. Marketed under the name rhythm and blues, or R&B, the sexually suggestive lyrics in songs such as “Sexy Ways” and “Sixty Minute Man” and the electrified guitar and wailing harmonica sounds appealed to young listeners. The 2000s began right where the 1990s left off, with young singers such as Christina Aguilera and Destiny’s Child ruling the pop charts. When the Beatles arrived in New York in 1964, they were met by hundreds of reporters and police officers and thousands of fans. At the time, R&B records were classified as “race music” and their sales were segregated from the White music records tracked on the pop charts (Szatmary, 2010). Choose a decade between 1900 and 2010. B. This is thanks to innovation in technology and the creativity of musicians, taking influences from many different genres and putting their own spin on them. An improvisational form of music that was primarily instrumental, jazz incorporated a variety of styles, including African rhythms, gospel, and blues. Can’t Buy Me Love: The Beatles, Britain, and America (New York: Harmony Books, 2007), 3–4. Heavily influenced by his rural Southern roots, Presley combined the R&B music of bluesmen B. You can also see … Shepherd, John. Broadly referring to music that is passed down orally through the generations, folk music retained an unpolished, amateur quality that inspired participation and social awareness. Artists such as Jimi Hendrix, Jefferson Airplane, the Grateful Dead, and the Doors believed that the listening experience could be enhanced using mind-altering drugs (Rounds, 2007). Pittsburgh’s Golden Age of Radio (Chicago: Arcadia, 2010), 8. The Beatles’ genial personalities and catchy pop tunes made them an instant success in the United States, and their popularity was heightened by several appearances on The Ed Sullivan Show. Research a technological development that took place during this time that influenced pop music—for example, the development of the electric guitar and its influence on rock and roll. Rickenbacker, “Early Years: The Earliest Days of the Electric Guitar,” Rickenbacker International Corporation, June 22, 2010, http://www.rickenbacker.com/history_early.asp; Mary Bellis, “The History of Guitar and Electric Guitar,” About.com Guide, http://inventors.about.com/od/gstartinventions/a/guitar_2.htm. Surf music, embodied by artists such as the Beach Boys, Jan and Dean, and Dick Dale, celebrated the aspects of youth culture in California. Edison’s phonograph provided ideas and inspiration for Berliner’s gramophone, which used flat discs to record sound. Those considered as “pop” musicians started borrowing rhythms from jazz and blues musicians. However, his attempt to reach a broader crowd inspired the folk rock genre, pioneered by the Los Angeles band the Byrds (PBS). Vaudeville and Ragtime Dance The widespread commercialism of music and dance dates back to the turn of the century when Vaudeville was the popular venue. Capitalizing on the 1960s girl-group craze, Gordy produced hits by the Marvelettes, Martha and the Vandellas, and, most successfully, Diana Ross and the Supremes. During their first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show, the Stones were lewd and vulgar, prompting host Ed Sullivan to denounce their behavior (although he privately acknowledged that the band had received the most enthusiastic applause he had ever seen) (Ed Sullivan). Key figures in developing the big jazz band included bandleaders Duke Ellington, Coleman Hawkins, and Glenn Miller. Its roots can also be found in improvised rhythms of the jazz era of the 1920s and 1930s and the orchestras of the big band era, which ruled in the 1940s. Radio stations began to influence record sales, which resulted in increased competition for spots on the playlist. BBC, “Making ends meet in the 70s,” BBC News Magazine, June 7, 2007, http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/6729847.stm. Popular music is classied into genres such as country, rock and roll, rhythm and blues (R’n’B) as well as a multitude of subgenres (dance-pop, synthpop, heartland rock, roots rock etc.). In the 60s Motown label started to really make … The flux of fashion is especially obvious for popular music. The last classification took a look into the evolution of words in pop music and its comparison with other emerging genres. Protest music in the 1960s was closely aligned with the hippie culture, in which some viewed taking drugs as a form of personal expression and free speech. Kyle Kim. The Copyright Act of 1911 had imposed a royalty on all records of copyrighted musical works to compensate for the loss in revenue to composers and authors. This may seem limiting today, but at the time it allowed for exciting innovations. Muddy Waters was one of the most famous Chicago blues musicians. At the turn of the 20th century, popular music existed in the form of light opera, or "operetta," and in the theatrical entertainment. This loss became even more prominent during the mid-1920s, when improvements in electrical recording drastically increased sales of gramophones and gramophone records. By the time four-track and eight-track recorders became readily available in the 1960s, musicians no longer had to play together in the same room; they could record each of their individual parts and combine them into a finished recording. Following Freed’s trial, an antipayola statute was passed, making payola a misdemeanor crime. Playlists for radio stations were based on popularity (usually the Billboard Top 40 singles chart), and a popular song might be played as many as 30 or 40 times a day. This development was a threat to the entire recording industry, which began to campaign for, and was ultimately granted, the right to collect license fees from broadcasters. Taking its name from a blues slang term for sex, the music obtained instant notoriety, gaining widespread support among teenage music fans and widespread dislike among the older generation (History Of Rock). Originating in the Mississippi Delta, just upriver from New Orleans, blues music was exemplified in the work of W. C. Handy, Ma Rainey, Robert Johnson, and Lead Belly, among others. The flowering of various musical styles since the early 20th century becomes clear, with a variety of different music options. In essence, World music is contemporary music performed and created all around the world, but falling just short in influence to become popular music, for example RaÏ, Afrobeat and Highlife. Lomax, Alan. The Evolution Of Popular Music By Year (1890-2009) (USA) (Source: Musicoutfitters, others) 14 Nov 2020 by Litypull. In an effort to do so, it became somewhat of a promotional tool. You Get to Listen to Music. The flat discs were cheaper and easier to produce than were the cylinders they replaced, enabling the mass production of sound recordings. in 1997. With their twanging electric guitars and glossy harmonies, the surf groups sang of girls, beaches, and convertible cars cruising along the West Coast. Lots and Lots of Music. To analyse the evolution of musical variety, we began by classifying our songs. Early hip-hop artists, like Run-D.M.C., opposed the clean-cut, polished world of soul and pop by embracing political lyrics that were inspired by everyday life. King, John Lee Hooker, and Howlin’ Wolf with the country-western tradition of Roy Acuff, Ernest Tubb, and Jimmie Rodgers, and added a touch of gospel (Elvis). Sam Cooke is one of the earliest soul singers and he is considered one of the parents of the genre. Hip-hop dominated the 1980s, and its popularity continued into the 1990s and 2000s. Popular bands included the Backstreet Boys, ’N Sync, and the Spice Girls. SUPPORT ME VIA PATREON: HAYENMILL.COM or PATREON.COM/HAYENMILL ***READ THIS FIRST*** A complete LIST OF THE SONGS by … Never a huge commercial success in the United States, punk rock exploded in the United Kingdom, where high unemployment rates and class divisions had created angry, disenfranchised youths (BBC). In 1877, Edison discovered that sound could be reproduced using a strip of tinfoil wrapped around a rotating metal cylinder. The 1920s through the 1950s is considered the golden age of radio. Once Southern migrants introduced the blues to urban Northern cities, the music developed into distinctive regional styles, ranging from the jazz-oriented Kansas City blues to the swing-based West Coast blues. The Year the Music Died: 1964–1972: A Commentary on the Best Era of Pop Music, and an Irreverent Look at the Musicians and Social Movements of the Time (Austin: Bridgeway Books, 2007), 292. So around 1900, around the world, many different genres of music had stemmed. After the Industrial Revolution, true folk music began to disappear, and the popular music … Even though many fans questioned his decision to go electric, Dylan’s poetic and politically charged lyrics were still influential, inspiring groups like the Beatles and the Animals. During this time, the number of licensed radio stations in the United States exploded from five in 1921 to over 600 by 1925 (Salmon, 2010).
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