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comparative grammar of english, german, dutch and afrikaans

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German (Deutsch, pronounced ()) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe. Currently, the Romance lists include French, Italian, Spanish and Portuguese while the Germanic lists include German, Dutch, (some) Afrikaans and the Scandinavian … Doing business in any part of the world has its perks and some challenges. There is no distinction between the object and subject form of personal pronouns in the plural form. Native speakers of English and Bantu languages are also second language speakers of Afrikaans. 2. This represents 7 million people. Unlike in standard Dutch, Afrikaans uses double negative. Also mentioned was the fact that they want equality, and since it would be unfair to other native languages to be singled out, the schools decided that it is a better option to use English. After the 1994 elections, English became the main language used in government. Grammar: Comparatives ('er' only) practice the comparative form using 'er' ID: 419482 Language: English School subject: English as a Second Language (ESL) Grade/level: Intermediate Age: 10+ Main content: Comparatives Other contents: Add to my workbooks (21) Download file pdf Get a 5% lifetime discount now! Becoming a successful translator can…, We are a global language translation company specialized in Human Translation Services for legal,medical, and certified translations, 415 Madison Avenue 15th floor New York, NY 10017, US Email: Tel: 1-800-969-6853 Fax: 1-800-856-2759, Just type and press 'enter' to search Day Translation's blog. The differences between English and Dutch. In this case it becomes . The phasing out of Afrikaans would be gradual. On the other hand, when a vowel is an open syllable, a circumflex is added, such as in the English word “world” that is wereld in Dutch and wêreld in Afrikaans. Morning is morgen in Dutch and môre in Afrikaans. By native speakers and experts, from Arabic to Zulu. Afrikaans (UK: / ˌ æ f r ɪ ˈ k ɑː n s /, US: / ˌ ɑː f-/) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe.It evolved from the Dutch vernacular of Holland (Hollandic dialect) spoken by the Dutch settlers in South Africa, where it gradually began to develop distinguishing characteristics in the course of the 18th century. If the appears at the end of a word, it is often dropped as well, and the preceding vowel would be written with a circumflex, like the verb zeg that is replaced in Afrikaans by sê. Afrikaans does not have grammatical gender, while the same forms of verbs are used for the present and infinitive tenses. English. The language is generally used in South Africa and Namibia. Afrikaans language, West Germanic language of South Africa, developed from 17th-century Dutch, sometimes called Netherlandic, by the descendants of European (Dutch, German, and French) colonists, indigenous Khoisan peoples, and African and Asian slaves in the Dutch colony at the Cape of Good Hope. Another different is that there is no longer any distinction between the present perfect use of the verbs ”to have” (hebben) and ”to be” (zijn). Due to the simplifications in spelling and phonetic evolutions of Afrikaans, it became different to Dutch. On the other hand, speakers of Afrikaans might not be able to readily comprehend the Dutch language. It’s the same for bruggen and brûe, which in English is bridge/s. It evolved through the 18th century. If you're looking for verb conjugations, go to Germanic Verbs. This means that most of the parts of speech change according their function in the sentence. The lexical similarity between German and Dutch is roughly as similar as that between Spanish and Italian. One of the major differences between the two languages lies in grammar and morphology of Afrikaans. (South Africa) Good in a generic sense, worthy, functional.quotations ▼ 2.1. Or your parents just want to show that if they really wanted to, they could make you twins too. The first translation of the Bible in the Afrikaans language was published in 1933. Learn Spanish, French, German, Italian, Mandarin Chinese and English with authentic videos by Yabla that include subtitles and translations. It is considered a daughter of the Dutch language and was called previously as Cape Dutch because the settlers were concentrated in Cape Town. Afrikaans developed from Hollandic (Hollands), a vernacular of the Dutch language, which is spoken is South Holland. Probably originated from the prepositioned genitive plural, e.g. The nature of linguistic categorization, 2007, Cambridge University Press) and Dutch (Syntax of Dutch: The Noun Phrase, Vol. 1998, Leon Schuster, Leon Schuster's lekker, thick South African joke book‎, page 164:The other men ask why he's crying, when he's … As a language spoken as a second or third tongue, it is the major language of the provinces of the Western Cape and Northern Cape, the western part of the country. Many of the Colored and Afrikaners in South Africa spoke Afrikaans as their first language. This chapter deals with the different types of comparison and represents its construction and special cases. Lists of vocabulary side-by-side in German, Dutch, and some Afrikaans. Are you thinking of becoming a certified translator soon? Thank you! 9 Famous Companies That Are Reducing Their Carbon Footprint, The 7 Best Interpreting Services Providers in the World, Baie – many, very or much (Dutch – erg or veel), Sambreel – umbrella (Portuguese – sombreiro), Kraal – cattle enclosure or pen (Portuguese – curral), Fundi – subject matter expert or student (Zulu – umfundi), Tjailatyd or Tjaila – to go home (Chaila). SituationExampleTranslation-To turn an adjective into a comparative. Hollandic was the main language of the Dutch settlers in the country. Maybe it’s some sort of parental right of passage to do so. Likewise, it is spoken in Malawi, Lesotho, Germany, Canada, Botswana, Belgium and Australia. What are the three degrees of German adjectives? While others say that Dutch is more like German because like German it is a ‘verb second language’ and sends the finite verb to the end of the sentence in subordinate clauses. It evolved through the 18th century. Most of the language evolved from the combination of Hollands and Dutch Afrikaans. However, many Afrikaans speakers are exposed to English therefore Dutch words such as appartement, lift and computer would be understood by them. Introduction: Dutch is part of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family.It is, therefore, closely related to English, German and the Scandinavian languages. A few examples to illustrate the idea behind this comparative linguistics project: the system's assessment for the distance from 0 to 100 between following languages is: English to German : 31 Dutch to German… Several arguments were presented and debated. How Long Does it Take to Become a U.S. Citizen? Because of the simplification of the many of the words and verb forms Afrikaans and the influences of other languages, Dutch speakers would not be able to pick up that many cognates in Afrikaans, but they would still manage to understand the context of the sentences. The expanded use of Afrikaans was due to its use in TV, radio programs and newspapers. In 1961, South Africa became a republic and Afrikaans language included Dutch, which was later dropped in 1984. An asterisk below means that Afrikaans has not yet been added to the lists. While one could argue about the comparative difficulty of German ... (Also grammar.) The more pronounced are the grammar differences between the two languages. I recently heard and saw an interview that Charlize Theron gave in Afrikaans. Free interactive exercises to practice online or download as pdf to print. German has 4 cases while Dutch has none. Comparative adjectives worksheets and online activities. The Dutch and normally found in the middle of some words were changed into the single sound and single spelling of . “As American as apple pie” is a common phrase that you might have heard all your life. Comparative lists are also available for Romance Languages, for both vocabulary and verb conjugations. Some came from the Khoisan languages, German, Malay, Portuguese and several Bantu languages, with about 90% to 95% derived from Dutch.

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