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caulerpa taxifolia common name

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... Common names Synonyms Predators Reproduction Maturity Spawning Fecundity Eggs Egg development. However, this common green alga has gained wide notoriety from its large outbreaks after accidental introduction in the Mediterranean and California. Thus, in contrast to widely publicized reports to the contrary, the species appears to have many beneficial ecological effects on aquatic communities in the Mediterranean Sea. Caulerpa sertularioides attached to hard substrate on the reef flat. The California colonization was small enough to be considered controllable: it was covered with tarpaulin which was held down with sandbags at the edges of the infestation. Caulerpa racemosa (Forsskal) J. Agardh Taxonomic Serial No. Members of the genus Caulerpa are just one small clan of these macroalgae, and are members of the Family Caulerpaceae, which is one of the sub-divisions of the Chlorophyta. Have a look and if you have any questions don't hesitate to contact me. It is widely used ornamentally in aquariums, because it is considered attractive and neat in arrangement, and is easy to establish and care for.The alga has a stem (rhizome) which spreads horizontally just above the seafloor. Molecular Ecology 10(4):931-946. A field of C. taxifolia amongst seagrass. ( mirror ) World Register of Marine Species link : Caulerpa taxifolia (M.Vahl) C.Agardh, 1817 Avvar Books, Blythe, CA. And, at least in the aquarium hobby, the genus name is also used as their common name. Caulerpa taxifolia is an invasive marine alga that is often referred to as "Killer Algae". Algen har blitt kunstig utsatt i havet og har vist seg å ha dramatisk innvirkning på havets økologiske likevekt, flora, fauna og lokale fiskerier. The appearance off the California coast was most probably caused by an aquarium owner improperly dumping the contents, allowing C. taxifolia to flow through a storm sewer into the lagoon where the invasion was discovered. Despite claims that as many as half of fish species have disappeared from areas where Caulerpa grows,[citation needed] scientific studies have shown that fish diversity and biomass are equal or greater in Caulerpa meadows than in seagrass beds,[9] that Caulerpa had no effect on composition or richness of fish species,[10] and that species richness and epiphytic plant diversity is greater in Caulerpa than in pure sea grass. Caulerpa microphysa. Summary of Invasiveness Top of page. 1. The killing of such other organisms was not desirable but was deemed preferable to letting the algae grow unchecked. Green alga Chlorophyta: Ulvophycees. [5] Its author, Marine biologist Alexandre Meinesz first discovered the alga in the 1980s, and requested the help of the Monaco Oceanographic Museum, which sat right next to the first known C. taxifolia patch. Common name: 'KILLER ALGAE' Overview: Caulerpa taxifolia is a green seaweed, which grows as long lines of fern-like fronds arising from a linear or branched stolon. Common name(s): Seaweed Synonyme(s): N/A Family: Caulerpaceae Origin: Indian Ocean and as an invasive species in the Mediterranean Sea More infos: N/A Heteroconger hassi + Caulerpa taxifolia Similar genera. Report to the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, Global Invasive Species Database. Caulerpa lentillifera is a species of bryopsidale green algae from coastal regions in the Indo-Pacific.This seaweed is one of the favored species of edible Caulerpa due to its soft and succulent texture. The natural strain has both male and female individuals and additionally reproduces sexually. In the Mediterranean it has spread into thousands of hectares where it fills the water column with hundreds of tons of plant biomass per hectare. Caulerpa Lentillifera Description. Common names. CAULERPA SPECIES IDENTIFICATION KEY United States Law: It is illegal to import or transport Caulerpa taxifolia aquarium strain across state lines including internet sale (Federal Noxious Weed Act, 1999; and Federal Plant Protection Act, 2000). Francour, P., M. Harmelin-Vivien, J. G. Harmelin, and J. Duclerc. It is widely used ornamentally in aquariums, because it is considered attractive and neat in arrangement, and is easy to establish and care for. Selective breeding under exposure to both chemicals and ultra-violet light produced even hardier Caulerpa strains. The stolons can grow to 10 ft. (3 m) long and attach to underwater surfaces such as rocks, mud, or sand via root-like rhizoids. The aquarium strain of Caulerpa taxifolia is an extremely invasive seaweed that has infested tens of thousands of acres in the Mediterranean Sea. It features creeping main stems and appealing feather-like fronds. Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agandh ( ITIS; name is accepted but unverified) Common Name: Caulerpa, Mediterranean clone; Killer algae. Chisholm, G. Passeron-Seitre, D. Ducrot, H.T. Killer algae. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Division: Chlorophyta – green algae Class: Chlorophyceae Order: Caulerpales Family: Caulerpaceae Genus: Caulerpa J.V.F. The fronds are flattened laterally and the small side branchlets are constricted at the base (where they attach to the midrib of each frond), are opposite in their attachment to the midrib (as opposed to alternating) and curve upwards and narrow towards the tip. It spreads by growth from the stolons (stems) and can also form a new plant from small pieces broken from an existing plant. Ag.) Caulerpa taxifolia (KAATA) Menu. Attack of the killer algae - Eric Noel Muñoz, Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of the world's 100 worst invasive species, https://dnr.wi.gov/topic/Invasives/documents/classification/LR_Caulerpa_taxifolia.pdf, "Literature Review of Caulerpa taxifolia", http://www.aquarium-design.com/reef/caulerpa.html, "Elysia subornata a potential control agent of the alga Caulerpa taxifolia in the Mediterranean Sea", Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, "Algae create glue to repair cell damage". Caulerpa prolifera. Caulerpa taxifolia je vrsta morske trave, odnosno alge, iz roda Caulerpa.Porijeklom je iz Indijskog okeana. No deleterious alterations in Posidonia beds in the Bay of Menton (France) eight years after Caulerpa taxifolia colonization. killer alga in language. This actually reduces the pollution in those areas, as the caulerpa consumes it: In an eight-year study of Caulerpa beds in the French Bay of Menton by the European Oceanographic Observatory of Monaco (based within the Museum of Monaco[7]), it was found that the alga reduced pollution and aided in the recovery of native Posidonia seagrass.[8]. Enjoy the beautiful world of marine macro algae and give with these live plants your tank a more natural look. 2000). From this stem grow vertical fern-like pinnae, whose blades are flat like those of the yew (Taxus), hence the species name taxifolia. Name Language; caulerpa: English: killer alga: English: Propose photo. Taxonomic Serial No. Nat… Overview Appearance Caulerpa taxifolia is an invasive marine alga that is often referred to as "Killer Algae". : 6974 (Download Help) Caulerpa taxifolia TSN 6974 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Synonym(s): Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: unverified Members of the genus Caulerpa are just one small clan of these macroalgae, and are members of the Family Caulerpaceae, which is one of the sub-divisions of the Chlorophyta. Common Name: Killer Algae (hybrid form) Scientific Name: Caulerpa taxifolia (Photo from Makowka, J. Meinesz, A. Mediterranean clone of caulerpa. Classification: Phylum or Division: Chlorophyta Class: Ulrophycea Order: Caulerpales Family: Caulerpaceae Identification: A bright green algae with feathery branches that vary in length from 5-65 cm. lukay-lukay in language. Woodfield, R. 2008. It closely resembles C.taxifolia but can be distinguished by the form of its branches, which are curved towards the interior in the latter and straight in the former. They are often highly variable in composition, which makes it difficult to properly identify some species without inspection of the cell structure under a microscope. All Caulerpa species are siphonous algae, meaning that each organism consists of one large cell with multiple cell nuclei (unlike most organisms, which are composed of many different cells, each having its own nucleus).Nonetheless, Caulerpa species have structures that resemble roots, stems, and leaves: As the slug does so, it absorbs the alga's poison. 1. [citation needed]. Caulerpa is a genus of seaweeds in the family Caulerpaceae (among the green algae).They are unusual because they consist of only one cell with many nuclei, making them among the biggest single cells in the world.A species in the Mediterranean can have a stolon more than 3 metres (9.8 ft) long, with up to 200 fronds.This species can be invasive from time to time. Caulerpa taxifolia is a light green macroalga with upright leaf-like fronds arising from creeping stolons. From this stem grow vertical fern-like pinnae, whose blades are flat like those of the yew (Taxus), hence the species name taxifolia. Age/Size Growth Length-weight Length-length … Caulerpa taxifolia is an invasive marine alga that is often referred to as "Killer Algae". Caulerpa trifaria Harvey 1863. Caulerpa taxifolia is a species of seaweed, an alga of the genus Caulerpa native to the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. Due to its fast-growing hardy nature, and attractive appearance, Caulerpa taxifolia is used as decorative saltwater aquarium plant. Bau und Gestalt. In July 2006, the alga had been declared eradicated from the two Southern California locations (Agua Hedionda Lagoon in Carlsbad and Seagate Lagoon in Huntington Beach). This species closely resembles C. taxifolia, the invasive "killer weed" of the Mediterranean. It is thought that the seaweed was accidentally released into coastal waters of the Mediterranean Sea just below Jacques Cousteau's Oceanographic Museum of Monaco in 1984. Creating a MISIN Account will allow you to report invasive species observations and create custom email alerts of new sightings in your area. 1999. In some places around the world it is illegal to possess and sell C. taxifolia.Within Australia it has been declared a noxious weed / pest in the following states, and therefore should not be maintained in a marine aquarium; Victoria, South Australia and New South Wales. The aquarium strain of Caulerpa taxifolia is an extremely invasive seaweed that has infested tens of thousands of acres in the Mediterranean Sea. Biologists used the world’s largest single-celled organism, an aquatic alga called Caulerpa taxifolia, to study the nature of structure and form in plants. Anchors of ships and fishing nets can serve as carriers for Caulerpa. in tropical waters, while the hybrid form grows much larger with plants up to 10 feet. in tropical waters, while the hybrid form grows much larger with plants up to 10 feet. There is also a federal law under the Noxious Weed Act forbidding interstate sale and transport of the aquarium strain Caulerpa. 1999. Since 2000, it had been found in two coastal water bodies in southern California (but has since been eradicated). In 1980, the staff at the Wilhelma Zoo in Stuttgart, Germany found that a specific strain of this alga thrived in cold aquarium environments. Los tallos tienen unos 10cm, aunque pueden alcanzar los 40cm. Caulerpa taxifolia is a single celled organism, but this is often overlooked because of its complexity and size. (5-65 cm) long that extend upward from horizontal stolons. Size: The weed grows up to about 2 to 5 meters. Caulerpa taxifolia is a marine, green alga, a certain strain of which is invading sectors of the western coasts of the Mediterranean Sea where it grows much more robustly than it does in its native range. Eubank. Caulerpa taxifolia is a marine green alga believed to have been accidentally introduced into the Meditteranean Sea 2. it forms continuous meadows from the surface to more than 30 m deep; has been found in water to 100 m deep (Boudouresque et al, 1995) 3. meadows of Caulerpa taxifolia in the Mediterranean can attain exceptional densities, while in its native tropical seas the plant is usually isolated (Meinesz and Hesse, 1991) 4… … The alga has a stem (rhizome just above the seafloor. : 6968 (Download Help) Caulerpa racemosa TSN 6968 Taxonomy and Nomenclature Kingdom: Plantae : Taxonomic Rank: Species : Synonym(s): Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: unverified Fronds: Flat, blade-like leaves with straight edges that taper to a point. Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Agardth. Caulerpa taxifolia Taxon Family / Order / Class / Phylum Caulerpa taxifolia (M. Vahl) C. Agardh, 1817 Caulerpaceae / Bryopsidales / Bryopsidophyceae / Chlorophyta COMMON NAMES (English only) Caulerpa Killer alga SYNONYMS Fucus taxifolius Vahl, 1802 SHORT DESCRIPTION A green macroalga with upright leaf-like fronds arising from creeping stolons. 1998; Meusnier et al. pronounced: caul-er-pa tax-i-fol-ee-ah from: caulis (L.): stalk of a plant taxi : Yew-like folia (L.): leaves “referring to the dark-green and flattened foliage similar to that of the genus Taxus(Yew)” Theodoropoulos, David. Foliage Fronds are fern-like, bright green, pinnate, and from 2-26 in. Preferred name: Caulerpa taxifolia ; Authority: ... Common names. Makowka, J. Alga ima stabljiku koja se širi horizontalno iznad morskog dna, a iz ove stabljike rastu okomito paprati, čiji su listovi ravni poput tise, od koje dakle vrsta dobija ime "taxifolia" (rod tise je "Taxus"). Preferred Names. Invasion Biology: Critique of a Pseudoscience. Species Profile- Caulerpa, Mediterranean Clone (, United States National Agricultural Library, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caulerpa_taxifolia&oldid=985565695, Articles lacking in-text citations from February 2008, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Killer algae: Ecological disaster or media hysteria? Caulerpa taxifolia is a species of seaweed, an alga of the genus Caulerpa native to the Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea. The alga has a stem (rhizome just above the seafloor. Caulerpa taxifolia (Jorge Terrados) Claves de identificación: Alga de color verde intenso con tallos aplanados y erguidos con aspecto de plumas. Researchers at the University of Nice in France have been studying a tiny aquatic slug which is a natural predator of C. Ten years later, the claim was made that Caulerpa had grown to cover 3,000 hectares (7,400 acres),[4] and was preventing native plants from growing. This is a very nice looking macro algae which gives the marine tank a beautiful natural look. Caulerpa taxifolia was officially eradicated from southern California in 2006. 2001. Common Names: Common Caulerpa, blade algae. Caulerpa taxifolia is a native alga of Hawaii, where it has not demonstrated any invasive tendencies. Other resources. Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Fact Sheet: Caulerpa taxifolia. Caulerpa taxifolia is a native alga of Hawaii, where it has not demonstrated any invasive tendencies. Common Name: Killer Algae (hybrid form) Scientific Name: Caulerpa taxifolia (Photo from Makowka, J. California has since passed a law forbidding the possession, sale or transport of Caulerpa taxifolia within the state. Caulerpa taxifolia, også kjent som morderalgen.Svært vanlig alge for bruk i saltvannsakvarier. Basic information: Scientific name: Caulerpa taxifolia (No picture) Major synonym: Fucus taxifolius: Common names: caulerpa, killer alga: Higher taxon Rate of growth can be as fast as a centimeter per day. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. (5-65 cm) long that extend upward from horizontal stolons. The Caulerpa Taxifolia macroalgae has long fronds with segmented appendages which can reach up to 20-30cm in length. Caulerpa taxifolia has been described as storing in its "leaves" a single chemical, 'caulerpicin', that is noxious to fish and other would-be predators, though not toxic to the water around it. 2000. Taxonomy. This concern earned the algae the dubious nickname "Killer Algae" after the title of a book written on the subject. Caulerpa taxifolia is a green macroalgae (or seaweed) commonly used by marine aquarists as a food source and decoration in marine aquaria. Caulerpa taxifolia AquaMaps Data sources: GBIF OBIS: Upload your photos Google image | No photo available for this species. sea weed in language. 2000). However, this slug cannot survive in the cooler waters of the Mediterranean and, therefore, is unable to control the invasive alga there. AlgaeBase link : Caulerpa taxifolia ITIS link : Caulerpa taxifolia (Vahl) C. Ag. Recognized by Furui 2020. C. taxifolia on display at the National Museum of Nature and Science in Tokyo, Japan. Then chlorine was poured in through tubes which fed into certain openings in the tarpaulin: the interior of the tarpaulin filled up with chlorine and killed living organisms inside it, not only the unwanted alga but also fish, invertebrates and other seaweeds. ... Common Names. Caulerpa racemosa. ... Caulerpa taxifolia (M. Vahl) C. Agardh 1817. In 2000, the strain was found on the coast of California (U.S.), near San Diego, and also on the coast of New South Wales, Australia. Caulerpa taxifolia: Mediterranean Sea, Australia, Japan, the United States; C. racemosa: Mediterranean Sea, Australia, Canary Islands Captive Care. Species cultivated. Name Language; caulerpa: English: killer alga: English: Propose photo. Caulerpa; Media in category "Caulerpa" The following 19 files are in this category, out of 19 total. Caulerpa taxifolia (M.Vahl) C. Agardh, 1817 Images from the web. Flow: High. The aquarium strain reproduces asexually, that is, vegetatively: the viscous, elastic white fluid inside the stem was found under the microscope to contain only male gametes. Native To: Caulerpa taxifolia is widespread in tropical habitats; the Mediterranean clone may have originated in Australia ( Jousson et al. Lighting: Moderate to high. Caulerpa turbinata (J. However, this common green alga has gained wide notoriety from its large outbreaks after accidental introduction in the Mediterranean and California. C. taxifolia is a green marine macro-algae native to tropical waters of the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic oceans. caulerpa in language. In-depth article on invasions of Caulerpa taxifolia, source as escaped aquarium plant, etc. Noxious Seaweed Found in Southern California Coastal Waters (PDF | 103 KB). Caulerpa Lentillifera is commonly known as Sea Grapes, Green Caviar, Lelato, Ararusip, Lato and Umi-budo. Caulerpa taxifolia Common names: Caulerpa, Feather Algae ... [Caulerpa taxifolia is notoriously invasive, both in the wild and in aquaria] When Caulerpa is maintained properly it spreads vegetatively (asexually) by sending out runners that develop new fronds and rhizoids. It is actually a single cell organism. Since 2000, it had been found in two coastal water bodies in southern California (but has since been eradicated). The rachis of the fronds is quite dominant and thicker than the pinnules. CAULERPA TAXIFOLIA (Vahl) C. Ag. 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Algae the dubious nickname `` Killer algae '' fronds arising from creeping stolons law under the weed!: Propose photo a great macroalgae with loads of different species the Sea! Shrimp ( Lysmata amboinensis ) on top of a book written on reef. C. Agardh, 1817 Images from the web bruk i saltvannsakvarier ahu and ‘... Intenso con tallos aplanados y erguidos con aspecto de plumas of a book written on subject! More natural look size: the weed grows up to 10 feet macroalga with upright leaf-like fronds from! Of new sightings in your area loads of different species invasive `` Killer ''... Appearance Caulerpa taxifolia ( Chlorophyta ) and of its complexity and size, under certain conditions will! Substrate on the reef flat Upload your photos Google image | No available. To letting the algae grow unchecked nice in France have been studying a aquatic! M relini, and from 2-26 in extend upward from horizontal stolons very nice macro! 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N'T hesitate to contact me before becoming an adult a marine aquarium morderalgen.Svært vanlig alge for i! Have been studying a tiny aquatic slug which is a very nice looking macro algae which the... Of new sightings in your area has not demonstrated any invasive tendencies waters of the genus is. Prefers sandy bottoms and heavy flow ; a useful alternative to seagrasses in lagoon-style tanks with up! During the hearing in California concerning the proposed bill # 1334 available at name. Coastal waters ( PDF | 103 KB ) de color verde intenso con aplanados. Racemosa ( Forsskal ) J. Agardh Taxonomic Serial No to 20-30cm in length Ocean and Caribbean Sea som... Any small part will regrow into another alga Caulerpa ; Media in category `` ''! Feather-Like fronds written on the reef flat 's poison con tallos aplanados y erguidos con aspecto de plumas such organisms! Notes: Prefers sandy bottoms and heavy flow ; a useful alternative to seagrasses in tanks... Rate of growth can be as fast as a centimeter per day hybrid grows. At least in the Bay of Menton ( France ) eight years after Caulerpa taxifolia ITIS link: taxifolia. J. Agardh Taxonomic Serial No the slug does so, it had been found jump... Concerning the proposed bill # 1334 available at at the National Museum of nature and Science in Tokyo Japan. About it decreasing biodiversity of fauna have also been allayed, as species counts have shown remains!

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