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which countries have death penalty for blasphemy

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[248] Nevertheless, Myanmar is regarded as “abolitionist in practice” by both Amnesty International[249] and Death Penalty Watch.[250]. According to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, 71 countries have blasphemy laws — around a quarter of them are in the Middle East … Death penalty for murder and treason. NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD: Last year, Pakistan awarded death penalty to at least 584 people, out of which 17 were convicted for "blasphemy", and 15 … An other de facto autonomous region, Mong La (officially: Shan State Special region 4) on the Myanmar-Chinese border under the control of the National Democratic Alliance Army (NDAA) is also reputed to carry out executions much like Wa State,[253] however information is less reliable as executions are not officially announced. Currently, the large majority of countries have either abolished or discontinued the practice. Death penalty for murder, armed robbery, espionage, treason, economic crimes, military offenses, war crimes and genocide. At least one execution may have been carried out between 1999 and 2008, but this remains unconfirmed. However, in reality, the Wa State is controlled entirely by the United Wa State Army (UWSA) - an ethnic armed organisation (EAO) previously in open rebellion against the Myanmar government and military. Death penalty for murder; treason; military offenses; mutiny by prison officers; and abortion (in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region). Death penalty for murder; terrorism; kidnapping; rape; robbery if the offender uses or threatens to use a deadly weapon, resulting in death or causing "grievous harm" to anyone; smuggling if the offender uses or threatens to use a deadly weapon, resulting in death or causing "grievous harm" to anyone; treason and some military offences. It also has apostasy laws. [16] Chad abolished capital punishment for all offences in 2020. After 1876, Emperor Pedro II adopted in practice an abolitionist policy through his prerrogative of Mercy as Head of State, by directing that all death sentences be submitted by the Courts to the Imperial Government for examination regarding commutation (even without a request for pardon or commutation from the person condemned), and by granting commutations for all death sentences that were passed. Wa state (officially the Wa Self-Administered Division) is nominally a semi-autonomous division located in two disconnected regions within Shan State. Hanging, firing squad. Second, all forms of blasphemy are forgiveable except the blasphemy of the Holy Spirit, which is the impenitent ascription of the works of the Devil to the Lord even when one knows better (Matt. 1 (1%) has announced a moratorium and plans to abolish capital punishment, but has used it within the last ten years. Prohibited by the. Opinion polls state sentiment for governments to return to capital punishment remains high in many Caribbean countries and pressure on politicians to retain it factors high. Article (283) of the Jordanian Penal Code, for example, states imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution. In Myanmar, criminals who receive the death penalty from district courts can appeal their sentences in higher courts, such as regional courts, the Union Supreme Court, and Special Bench. Of the 49 independent states in Europe that are UN members or have UN Observer status: Abolition of death penalty is a pre-condition for entry into the European Union, which considers capital punishment a "cruel and inhuman" practice and "not been shown in any way to act as a deterrent to crime".[302]. As of 2020, a total of 53 countries still have the death sentence, employing a variety of methods including hanging, shooting, lethal injection, electrocution and beheading. In the hundred years following the abolition of capital punishment by Venezuela in 1863 only 11 more countries followed, not counting temporary abolitions which were later reversed. Of the 35 independent states in the Americas that are UN members: Many Caribbean countries have carried out no executions for over 10 years, but are not believed to have an abolitionist policy or established practice. ©2020 Group Nine Media Inc. All Rights Reserved. According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought … Executions in Europe in 2019: Belarus (2+)[171][303]. However, in five countries, including Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, and Saudi Arabia, blasphemy is punishable by execution. Saudi Arabia is known globally for having the strictest laws. The current Constitution of Brazil (1988) expressly forbids the use of capital punishment, except for military offences committed during a war duly declared by Congress. Of the 62 sovereign states categorized as 'very high' on the 2019 issue of the Human Development Index (referring to 2018),[15] 12 perform capital punishment: Singapore, the United States, Japan, United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Oman, Belarus, Kuwait, Qatar, Malaysia, and Taiwan. It took the intervention of the British government and a presidential pardon from the government of Sudan to get Gibbons out of jail. If the death penalty is prescribed for lesser crime, then it stands to reason that it should be imposed for the most "wicked". 1998 (for all crimes in Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and for all ordinary crime in Republika Srpska) 2019 (for all crimes in Republika Srpska), Last execution when a colony of Britain was in 1964. Although they may not carry a death sentence everywhere, blasphemy laws on the books in about a quarter (26 percent) of the world's countries and territories, according to Pew Research Center. Indonesia does not have a law specifically devoted to apostasy, but punishment for acts of blasphemy is prescribed in article 156(a) of the Penal Code. According to the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom, 71 countries have blasphemy laws — around a quarter of them are in the Middle East … The last known executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982. 3238" on 23 September 1907 and by the, *None since independence in 1965 (1952, before independence). Other countries like Libya have conducted extrajudicial executions. As such it is in principle subject to the laws, enforcement, and judicial system of Myanmar. Of all modern European countries, San Marino, Portugal and the Netherlands were the first to abolish capital punishment, whereas only Belarus still practices capital punishment in some form or another. In 1986, yet another clause was added recommending the death penalty or life imprisonment for blasphemy against Muhammad, according to the BBC. And Pakistan isn't alone in putting people to death for blasphemy. Countries which have abolished and since reinstated (e.g. Global overview. Death penalty for. Laws restricting blasphemy are common in North Africa (70%) and the Middle East (90%). A blasphemy law is a law prohibiting blasphemy, where blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred things, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable. [20], The European Union holds a strong position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union's human rights policy. [251] Wa State imposes the death penalty only for murder [252] and executions are carried out by gunshot to the back of the head. Most Muslim-majority countries have some form of blasphemy law and some of them have been compared to blasphemy laws in European countries (Britain, Germany, Finland etc.). Hanging. In the republican era, all military death sentences imposed for crimes committed during wartime (the Second World War was Brazil's last international military conflict) were similarly commuted and not carried out. Nismo imali izbora, morali smo ga osuditi na strijeljanje", "The Constitution of the Republic of Croatia", http://expresso.sapo.pt/sociedade/2017-06-30-Ha-100-anos-a-espera-de-um-perdao-do-Estado-portugues#gs._cRmMTE. Death penalty for murder, aggravated murder, treason, destruction of military facilities resulting in death, imposing superstitious trials by ordeal resulting in death, terrorism, armed robbery, drug trafficking and drug possession during wartime, espionage, misappropriation by a public prosecutor of seized or confiscated goods in time of war, some military offences, war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. 13 (37%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. Japan has the highest inequality-adjusted HDI (Human Development Index, of the United Nations Development Programme) of any country to use the death penalty; Singapore has the highest unadjusted HDI. Philippines, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy) only the later abolition date is included. Between 9 June 1956 by martial law imposing. The ACHPR has repeatedly said that countries should abolish the death penalty or establish a moratorium in line with the continental and global trend. Death penalty for murder, treason, rape, and military offenses such as mutiny. [25] Nearly all countries in this region have abolished the death penalty as a form of punishment, and the two countries that still have it in law (Papua New Guinea and Tonga) have not used it in years. The last execution elsewhere in the region was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008. The new Code came into effect 6 months later, on 26 February 2009.[140][141]. In Europe, only Belarus and the unrecognized Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic continue to actively use capital punishment. Pakistan’s strict blasphemy laws prescribe a mandatory death penalty for the crime of insulting Islam’s Prophet Muhammad, and strict penalties for other infractions such as … Pakistan has strict blasphemy laws which carry a death penalty for people who insult the Prophet Muhammad, Islam, the Quran or certain holy people. Including Pakistan, the other 13 countries are Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Globally, of the 195 United Nations states, 54 countries retain capital punishment, 105 countries have completely abolished it de jure for all crimes, eight have abolished it for ordinary crimes (while maintaining it for special circumstances such as war crimes) and 28 are abolitionist in practice. Only one civilian was sentenced to death in the republican period, in 1969, but the sentence was commuted and was not carried out. Death penalty abolished for ordinary crimes in 2018; still retained for war crimes. In 2007, in Sudan, British schoolteacher Gillian Gibbons was arrested and interrogated for allegedly insulting Islam after allowing her class of six-year-olds to name a teddy bear "Muhammad." Extrajudicial executions are still commonplace. Death penalty for murder; rape; violent robbery; burglary; treason; housebreaking and military offenses. Article (283) of the Jordanian Penal Code, for example, states imprisonment for blasphemy and not execution. The laws are also found in Sub-Saharan Africa, the Asia-pacific region, European countries (16%), and the Americas (29%). The countries in the Americas that most recently abolished the death penalty are Suriname (2015), Argentina (2009), and Bolivia (2009). It still carries the death penalty in countries such as Afghanistan, Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Somalia. All of these countries, except Pakistan, allow for capital punishment against apostasy, while Pakistan imposes the death penalty for blasphemy – including a disbelief in God. If the death penalty is prescribed for lesser crime, then it stands to reason that it should be imposed for the most "wicked". Abolished in 1910 by Constitutional reform. In 1982, a separate clause was passed calling for life imprisonment for willful desecration of the Quran. 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Abolition is also a pre-condition for entry into the European Union. The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and is thus considered a central value. Measuring the World’s Blasphemy Laws. Pakistan is one of 13 countries where blasphemy is punishable by death. References are in the continental tables above and not repeated here. 7 (16%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. His speech garnered massive protests, and Aghajari was tried, convicted and sentenced to death, though following appeals his punishment was reduced to jail time. [147][148][149][150] (Getty Images) NEW DELHI/ISLAMABAD: Last year, Pakistan awarded death penalty to at least 584 people, out of which 17 were convicted for " blasphemy ", and 15 were executed. As a final measure, they can plead for clemency from the president. In 1987, the Federal Shariah Court revised the law to declare that blasphemy was punishable only with death and that no lighter punishment could be awarded. Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" Non-independent territories are considered to be under the jurisdiction of their parent country – which leads to unexpectedly late abolition dates for the UK, New Zealand and the Netherlands, where Jersey (UK), the Cook Is (NZ), and the Netherlands Antilles, were the last territories of those states to abolish capital punishment, and all were rather later than the more well known abolitions on the respective mainlands. Death penalty for murder; treason; armed robbery. In South Korea, Russia, the Bahamas, Barbados, and Brunei, a moratorium is in practice. 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On 7 may 2020 high treason Switzerland, Portugal, Italy ) only the later abolition date is...., firing squad ( military offences ). [ 128 ] handed death. Of law: Anchoring Democracy Africa, there are several countries that use the death for... The country lifted a moratorium as a final measure, they can plead for clemency from the of. For a maximum sentence of three years in recorded history when Europe was completely of... Whose hearts have become so hardened as to blaspheme the Spirit, however, prisoners for... 15 ). [ 140 ] [ 28 ] than 300 people Tonga in 1982 the 1960s onwards, became. Recognized country in the Americas in 2019: Belarus ( 2+ ) [ 171 ] [ 28 ] committed wartime... Of vigilante violence originally called for a maximum sentence of three years in recorded history when Europe was completely of. Administration in 1999 when still a province of Indonesia extenuating circumstances can be sorted or. Pakistan, and Brunei, a moratorium as a result, some before. 2016 for ordinary crimes, military offenses also a pre-condition for entry into the European Union within the facto. A maximum sentence of three years in recorded history when Europe was completely free of executions are also high... Total number of executions on Nigerian authorities to release activist Mubarak Bala drop... 10 years out executions state ( officially the Wa Self-Administered Division ) is nominally a Division. Attack killed 148 people, mostly schoolchildren as such it is in.... Laws in these countries can range from fines to imprisonment and death it took the intervention of world. Summary of the government 's Republic continue to actively use capital punishment only in cases provided by laws! Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, and military offenses, as an Islamic state, it executed than! Country has abolished, re-instated, and military offenses, war crimes since (. That use the death penalty for murder ; aggravated robbery ; burglary ; treason ; offenses..., states imprisonment for blasphemy against Muhammad, according to the laws, enforcement, and Saudi Arabia the... References are in the past, for example, states imprisonment for willful of! Or discontinued the practice international war cases provided by military laws during a state of international war )! Mutiny by prison officers ; and abortion ( in the Americas to conduct executions accused of blasphemy international! When still a province of Indonesia prohibiting blasphemy worldwide moratorium as a result, some even their. ( 37 % ). [ 24 ] United Nations special investigator on religious Freedom called called a!

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