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schleiermacher on religion

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Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers is a classic of modern Protestant religious thought that powerfully displays the tensions between the Romantic and Enlightenment accounts of religion. The phrase "cultured despisers" has also seen reuse in scholarship since the authorship of On Religion in the late nineteenth century. Richard Crouter's introduction places the work in the milieu of early German Romanticism, Kant criticism, the revival of Spinoza and Plato studies, and theories of literary criticism and of the physical sciences, and his fully annotated edition also includes a chronology and notes on further reading. First Speech—Defence 3. . At age nine his father came into contact with Pietismandentered into a devotional lifestyle. For example, he refers to Spinoza’s non-Christian doctrinal … Gebildeten unter ihren Verächtern (On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers), written in 1799 as a kind of literary confession, Schleiermacher addressed the Romantics with the message that they were not as far from religion as they thought; for religion is the “feeling and intuition of the universe” or… Originally published in 1799, two further editions were released in Schleiermacher's lifetime in 1806 and 1831. This edition presents the original 1799 text in English for the first time. In 1799 Schleiermacher published perhaps his best known and most influential work, On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers. Schleiermacher argued that religion was rooted in human feelings, describing the core of religion as "a sense and taste for the Infinite in the finite." The German systematic theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher has shaped Western Christian theological thinking in many ways. A classic of modern religious thought, Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers is here presented in Richard Crouter's acclaimed English translation of the 1799 edition, originally published in Cambridge Texts in German Philosophy. Since the early age of 15, Schleiermacher had been personally grappling with the most significant issues of Christology, particularly his own doubt in regard to the problem of atonement. On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers (German: Über die Religion: Reden an die Gebildeten unter ihren Verächtern) is a book written by the German theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834). The Defense (Apologie) characterizes the four following speeches by Schleiermacher laying out of his anthropology of religion. Having cleared the debris of outward religion, Friedrich Schleiermacher returns to the inward, identifying true religion (or piety) with a specific type of “feeling.” To aid his argument, Schleiermacher gives a detailed account of the fleeting moment in … [1], Schleiermacher was writing around the time the Enlightenment was in full swing and arguably when the first major transition into modernity was simultaneously occurring. Schleiermacher, Friedrich, 1768-1834; Oman, John, 1860-1939. Born in Breslaw, Germany in 1768, Schleiermacher was the son of a Prussain armychaplain. Copyright © 2020 Apple Inc. All rights reserved. This backdrop is evident in the first line of Schleiermacher's text, "It may be an unexpected and even a marvelous undertaking, that any one should still venture to demand from the very class that have raised themselves above the vulgar, and are saturated with the wisdom of the centuries, attention for a subject so entirely neglected by them. Unlike the revised versions of 1806 and 1821, which modify the language of feeling and intuition and translate the argument into more traditional academic and Christian categories, the 1799 text more fully reveals its original audience's literary and social world. However, pietistic Moravian theology failed to satisfy his increasing doubts, and his father reluctantly gave him permission to enter the University of Halle, which had already aband… By normal reckoning that era lasted about one hundred twenty years and came to … However, the discourse of theologians, arguably the primary and only discourse of intellectuals for centuries, had taken to its own now minor corner in the universities. As time went on Schleiermacher left to study at the Universit… In Schleiermacher’s view, true religion involves the loss of personality and self, so the impulse for immortal consciousness in the traditional doctrine of immortality is to be replaced with a neologized one. He states, "[T]here are two points of view from which everything taking place in man or proceeding from him may be regarded. Schleiermacher wrote On Religion while teaching and preaching in Berlin. For Schleiermacher, true religion is founded in the feeling of absolute dependence that the In The Veiled God, Ruth Jackson Ravenscroft offers a detailed portrait of Friedrich Schleiermacher’s early life, ethics, and theology in its historical and social context.She also critically reflects on the enduring relevance of his work for the study of religion. Second Speech—The Nature or Religion He entered a Moravian seminary in Barby, Saxony in 1785, only to lead to his eventual expulsion for engaging in heretical philosophic discourse. Young Friedrich Schleiermacher was a Reformed Calvinist Chaplain in Berlin when he wrote his first major work, On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers. Between about 1925 and 1955 it was under severe attack by followers of neoorthodox theology (founded by Karl Barth and Emil Brunner) as leading away from the gospel toward a religion based on human culture. Schleiermacher is taken to remove religion from the intersections of social, historical, and linguistic factors. Schleiermacher argued that this is the basis of religion and the fullest expression of religious sensibility. Friedrich was sent at age 15 to a boardingschool run by the Moravian Brethren, a pious evangelical group that traced itsroots back to Jan Huss. ... Now especially the life of cultivated people is far from anything that might have even a resemblance to religion."[2][3]. ‎A classic of modern religious thought, Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers is here presented in Richard Crouter's acclaimed English translation of the 1799 edition, originally published in Cambridge Texts in German Philosophy. Schleiermacher often described as the father of modern Christian theology Arguably most influential 19th C. Christian theologian Compared in stature to Augustine, Aquinas, Calvin Mirrored Kant’s Copernican revolution in philosophy by placing subject at center of religious experience At age nine his father came into contact with Pietism and entered into a devotional lifestyle. In On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers, Schleiermacher pursues an anthropological theory of religion, aiming at recognizing the transcendental constitution of religious experience. As Farley writes, “Now, as in Schleiermacher’s time, the religious landscape is divided deeply between conservative ‘orthodoxy’ and those who despise religion itself.” In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Germany found itself in the middle of such a predicament. He understood religion as the human effort to communicate our experienced consciousness of the Divine within the human social sphere. This is an excerpt from a prior episode of The Partially Examined Life podcast, discussing Friedrich Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers. Written when its youthful author was deeply involved in German Romanticism and the critique of Kant's moral and religious philosophy, it … According to this theory, religion is constituted as a specific region of human experience. The Enlightenment had invigorated scientific and historical research, overshadowing theology in the university. On Religion (Barnes & Noble Digital Library). Schleiermacher, hailed as the first modern theologian, criticizes his contemporaries’ intellectual abandonment of positive religion: “Having made a universe for yourselves, you are above the need of thinking of the universe that made you” (67). This book reconstructs Friedrich Schleiermacher's understanding of religion and sets this reconstruction into the intellectual and political context of Schleiermacher's work. With the fall of the late Middle Ages and a vigorous discourse taking hold of Western European intellectuals, the fields of art and natural philosophy were flourishing. Originally published in 1799, two further editions were released in Schleiermacher's lifetime in 1806 and 1831. Publication date 1893 Topics Religion and philosophy Publisher London, K. Paul, Trench, Trübner Collection robarts; toronto Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor Robarts - University of Toronto Language English. One should read this in order to make sure your theology has … Schleiermacher’s thought continued to influence theology throughout the 19th century and the early part of the 20th. Born in Breslaw, Germany in 1768, Schleiermacher was the son of a Prussain army chaplain. Comprised of five speeches on religion, Schleiermacher's book was largely influenced by several rationalist philosophers that Schleiermacher … While at boarding school Schleiermacher began toquestion his faith to which the Moravians did not care to give an answer. Following his graduation, Schleiermacher took up a teaching post in Berlin in 1793 and joined the Charity Hospital in 1796 as a regular preacher. "[4], Schleiermacher is perhaps best known outside of Germany for being the "father of modern Protestant theology", focusing his attention not on the institutional values of Christianity but on the nature of religious experience from the perspective of the individual and human nature itself, a product most of the prevalence of German Romanticism. Friedrich Schleiermacher is commonly taken as the founder of a bad trajectory in the study of religion—bad because it imports Protestant theological assumptions into comparative religions, and because it makes religion internal, private, and ineffable. Written when its youthful author was deeply involved in German Romanticism and the critique of Kant's moral and religious philosophy, it is a masterly expression of Protestant Christian apologetics of the modern period, which powerfully displays the tensions between the Romantic and Enlightenment accounts of religion. A classic of modern religious thought, Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers is here presented in Richard Crouter's acclaimed English translation of the 1799 edition, originally published in Cambridge Texts in German Philosophy. ON RELIGION: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers By FRIEDRICH SCHLEIERMACHER Translated by John Oman from the Third German Edition in 1893 This text is in the Public Domain Digital Edition created 2006 - 2 - CONTENTS 1. A classic of modern religious thought, Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers is here presented in Richard Crouter's acclaimed English translation of the 1799 edition, originally published in Cambridge Texts in German Philosophy. This edition presents the original 1799 text in … He notes that the outward doctrines and practices of true religion may vary widely. IF a book can signal the beginning of an era, then Schleiermacher’s On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers marks the beginning of the era of Protestant Liberal Theology. Considered from the centre outwards, that is according to its inner quality, it is an expression of human nature, based in one of its necessary modes of acting or impulses ... [R]egarded from the outside, according to the definite attitude and form it assumes in particular cases, it is a product of time and history. [3], Not to be confused with the British magazine, On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=On_Religion&oldid=933617103, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2020, at 02:43. In this book he attempted to reconcile Enlightenment criticism of Christianity with traditional Protestantism. Schleiermacher is a brilliant reaction to Kant's rational religion, with his theology of experience. … On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers (German: Über die Religion: Reden an die Gebildeten unter ihren Verächtern) is a book written by the German theologian Friedrich Schleiermacher (1768-1834). (Later editions of this work, and the latertheological treatise The Christian Faith, strive for greaterChristian orthodoxy, and are consequently as a rule less interestingfrom a philosophical point of view. In 1804, Schleiermacher moved as university preacher and professor of theology to the University of Halle, where he remained until 1807, quickly obtaining a reputation as professor and preacher; he exercised a powerful influence in spite of contradictory charges which accused him of atheism, Spinozism and pietism. ABSTRACT. ^^. For Schleiermacher, Christianity is not synonymous with religion. While at boarding school Schleiermacher began to question his faith to which the Moravians did not care to give an answer. Preface 2. He left for the University of Halle and completed his first theological examination some five years later. In other words, religious essence and sociohistorical essence converge in ways that Schleiermacher attempts to articulate. This attempt has earned Schleiermacher the title “father of modern liberal theology.” On Religion is divided into five major sections: the Defense (Apologie), the Nature of Religion (Über das Wesen der Religion), the Cultivation of Religion (Über die Bildung zur Religion), Association in Religion (Über das Gesellige in der Religion, oder über Kirche und Priesterthum), and the Religions (Über die Religionen). The book analyses major texts from Schleiermacher… Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers is a classic of modern Protestant religious thought that powerfully displays the tensions between the Romantic and Enlightenment accounts of religion. As time went on Schleiermacher left to study at the Universit… Friedrich was sent at age 15 to a boarding school run by the Moravian Brethren, a pious evangelical group that traced its roots back to Jan Huss. Schleiermacher argued that religion emerges out of the interactions of cause and effect that constitute the 'natural order'-or Naturzusammenhang-and is thus to be understood as naturally caused. Rather, Christianity is a subset of religion, one form of religion. Schleiermacher does retain neologized Christian doctrines as fit accompaniments to religion. A classic of modern religious thought, Schleiermacher's On Religion: Speeches to its Cultured Despisers is here presented in Richard Crouter's acclaimed English translation of the 1799 edition, originally published in Cambridge Texts in German Philosophy. Schleiermacher’s most radical and important work in thephilosophy of religion is On Religion: Speeches to Its CulturedDespisers from 1799. Also, Dole makes some very helpful distinctions (and rejects a few others) between the early and late Schleiermacher, such as his shift on the value of organized religion and religious tradition. 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