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lemon balm history

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The ancient Greek author Pliny the Elder and John Gerard a 16th-century both observed that lemon balm is useful in attracting and keeping bees. Lemon balm grows vigorously; it should not be planted where it will spread into other plantings. Traditionally it … In traditional Austrian medicine, M. officinalis leaves have been prescribed for internal use—as a tea—or external application—as an essential oil—for the treatment of disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, nervous system, liver, and bile. Lemon Balm (Melissa officinalis), also known as Sweet Mary, Honey Plant and Cure-All, is a member of the mint family that is native to Europe and the Mediterranean. It is grown as an ornamental plant and for its oil (to use in perfumery). Not enough is known about the safety of lemon balm … Lemon balm’s lemony flavor and aroma are due largely to citral and citronellal, although other phytochemicals, including geraniol (which is rose-scented) and linalool (which is lavender-scented) also contribute to lemon balm’s scent (84). [27], Lemon balm contains eugenol, tannins, and terpenes. Lemon balm tea is an excellent refreshing summer tea that is easily made from fresh lemon balm growing in the garden. It is also one of the ingredients in Spreewald gherkins. HERB, Lemon Balm – Melissa officinalis FULL SUN Native to southern Europe and northern Africa, Lemon Balm has been cultivated for more than 2000 years. Its use in the Middle Ages is noted by herbalists, writers, philosophers, and … [27] Randomized, double-blinded clinical studies in people, however, have been limited and have had few subjects. Scientifically known as Melissa officinalis, this plant is the source of Melissa essential oil, but even as a herb, it has been in regular use for hundreds of years. In that era, the herb was also used medicinally and was dedicated to the goddess Diana. Learn more about the main … [6] Lemon balm was formally introduced into Spain in the 7th century, from which its use and domestication spread throughout Europe. During summer, small white flowers full of nectar appear. Sources date the medicinal use of lemon balm to over 2000 years ago through the Greeks and Romans. [20] There are some who even contend that it can improve cognit… Lemon balm is a perennial herb from the mint family. The bright and bushy plant attracts … lemon balm leaves are often used to top drinks and garnish salads and main dishes, while the dried leaves have been frequently used for teas. Gaius Plinius Secundus, better known as Pliny the Elder was born in Rome in 23 AD … In the early 1500’s lemon balm was used by a Venetian monk, Dom Bernard Vincelli, to create the liquor ‘Benedictine’. [29][30] Lemon balm may contain traces of harmine. University of Maryland Complementary and Alternative Medicine Guide: This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 20:44. Throughout history, ancients were well aware of the plant’s healing and restorative powers. Throughout history as a medicinal herb, lemon balm has … In antiquity, Lemon Balm was cultivated as a food for bees. The essential oil is used as a perfume ingredient,[11] but the plant has other culinary and medicinal uses. Additionally, it can be used in fish dishes and is the main ingredient in lemon balm pesto. Lemon balm was formally introduced into Spain in the 7th century, from which its use and domestication spread throughout Europe. The leaves, which have a mild lemon aroma, are used to make medicine. Lemon Balm … In mild temperate zones, the stems of the plant die off at the start of the winter, but shoot up again in spring. [5] Its use in the Middle Ages is noted by herbalists, writers, philosophers, and scientists, with Swiss physician and alchemist, Paracelsus, deeming it the “elixir of life”. It was also used to draw bees to the hive. Lemon balm … Cold and Fever Tonic. Melissa officinalis, commonly called lemon balm, is a bushy herbaceous perennial of the mint family that is typically grown in herb gardens and border fronts for its lemon … [15] Lemon balm is the main ingredient of Carmelite water, which is still for sale in German pharmacies. It's POSSIBLY SAFE in adults when taken by mouth or applied to the skin in medicinal amounts, short-term. Virgil and Pliny reported that, due to its strong aroma, leaves of Lemon Balm were rubbed on new beehives to entice the bees. The lemon-balm infused “miracle water” was thought to improve memory and vision and reduce rheumatic pain, fever, melancholy and congestion. The many cultivars of M. officinalis include: Lemon balm has also been shown to possess antimicrobial, antiviral, antispasmodic and antitumoral properties. It is also grown and sold as an ornamental plant. Ancient Greek physician, pharmacologist Dioscorides used the leaves steeped in wine to treat snakebites and scorpion stings. The genus name of Melissa, is derived from the Greek word for bee. Its use in the Middle Ages is noted by herbalists, writers, philosophers, and scientists, with Swiss physician and alchemist, Paracelsus, deeming it the “elixir of lif… The plant has been cultivated at least since the 16th century, but research is still being conducted to establish the safety and effects of lemon balm. The common name ‘‘balm’’ is shortened from balsam. May be useful against diabetes. In times gone by Lemon balm was a great favourite for all complaints believed to proceed from a disordered nervous system. In her book A Modern Herbal, Maud Grieve wrote in 1931 “It is now recognized as a scientific fact that the balsamic oils of aromatic plants make excellent surgical dressings: they give off ozone and thus exercise anti-putrescent effects. Pliny the Elder. It’s mentioned in “Historia Plantarum ” by Theophrastus which has been dated to sometime around 300BC. Lemon balm is a lemon scented member of the mint family and is native to Southern Europe. Lemon Balm has a long history, dating back to ancient Turkey where it was planted near bee hives to encourage the bees to return home to the hive rather than swarm away. Lemon balm is an old healing herb which has been used medicinally for over 2000 years. It grows to a maximum height of 70–150 cm (28–59 in). [7][8] It was in the herbal garden of John Gerard, 1596. Lemon balm seeds require light and at least 20 °C (70 °F) to germinate. NATIVE AMERICAN USES. Applications of lemon balm cream to a cold sore or other herpes sores when the warning tingling is first felt, … Relaxation Tonic. Lemon Balm has a long history… Lemon balm is used in some toothpastes. It's been used safely in research for up to 4 months. A Mediterranean native, lemon balm’s earliest ties date back to the early Greeks. Lemon balm has been used for centuries to improve anxiety symptoms and mood, one of the most common disorders in developed countries around the world. Nicholas Culpeper considered lemon balm to be ruled by Jupiter in Cancer, and suggested it to be used for weak stomachs, to cause the heart to become merry, to help digestion, to open obstructions of the brain, and to expel melancholy vapors from the heart and arteries. Lemon Balm Tea for Gastrointestinal Disorders. It's easy to make at home, using either store bought or home grown lemon balm leaves. [27] Lemon balm leaf contains roughly 36.5 ± 0.8 mg rosmarinic acid per gram. The leaves are used as a herb, in teas, and also as a flavouring. It’s name, … Lemon balm water invented by the French Discalced Carmelites in 1611, was for its antispasmodic properties a popular remedy to which all social classes resorted in the critical moments of their life … The London Dispensatory (1696) wrote 'an essence of Balm … Lemon balm was formally introduced into Spain in the 7th century, from which its use and domestication spread throughout Europe. The recipe provides instructions for making tea from both fresh and dried lemon balm … Noteworthy Characteristics. By this point it was a well known herb important to culinary and herbal medicinal usage. Lemon balm grows in clumps and spreads vegetatively, as well as by seed. 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