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description of khaya grandifoliola

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Eggeling, Indigenous Trees of the Uganda Protectorate, ed. Khaya grandifoliola had an average diameter of 6.2 cm and height of 4.8 m and ivorensis Khaya had an av- erage diameter of 4.5 cm and height of 3.9 m (Figure 2 and Figure 3). (eds.) Dried bark powder was extracted by maceration in a methylene chloride/methanol (MCM) system (50:50; v/v) and separated on silica gel by flash … It is a substitute for Honduras mahogany when pricing is a priority. Flora of Tropical East Africa The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Flora of West Tropical Africa Nigeria, Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. Khaya grandifoliola is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. Khaya grandifoliola is a medicinal plant endemic to Nigeria. Abstract. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T32172A9684738.en, "Medicinal Plants Useful For Malaria Therapy In Okeigbo, Ondo State, Southwest Nigeria", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Khaya_grandifoliola&oldid=909002536, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 August 2019, at 11:51. Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391. Crude water extracts of Khaya grandifoliola have shown to have therapeutic effectiveness on mice. It generally planes well, but material with irregular grain is reported to be rather difficult to dress to a smooth finish. Janka Hardness: 1,070 lb f (4,760 N) Styles in E. Afr. The efficacy, chemical compositions and toxicological studies of this plant Khaya senegalensis occurs in savanna woodland, often in moist localities and along watercourses, in areas with 650–1300(–1800) mm annual rainfall and a dry season of 4–7 months. 39: 413 (1974). Backhuys Publishers. In riparian forest it can sometimes be found together with Khaya grandifoliola. Reproduction is monoecious. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. Description: Common Name(s): African Mahogany Scientific Name: Khaya spp. It is a photoautotroph. & Keay, R.W.J. Fr. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. Uganda, Togo, African Mahogany (scientific names – Khaya anthotheca, Khaya grandifoliola, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya senegalensis) is harder than Honduran Mahogany and is considered to be the lesser version of Honduran Mahogany. Though to be fair, on most guitars it would be hard to make out the difference in tone when used as back/sides wood. Chad, Meliaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Abstract Given its high-valued wood, the African mahogany (Khaya grandifoliola) has been envisaged as a renewable source of tropical hardwoods in Brazil. Khaya anthotheca is a large evergreen tree up to 60 m tall (up to 30 m in the garden) with an elongated or rounded, much-branched crown; the trunk is buttressed in old specimens. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, Kew Backbone Distributions It prefers deep and well-drained alluvial soils and termite mounds, but can also be found on shallow, … Bumah VV, Essien EU, Agbedahunsi JM, Ekah OU. The buttressed tree develops a bole that is reported to be often twisted. 3, 39: 15-30. 19B, 1: 51–54 (1940), For. 4: 64, fig. Effects of Khaya grandifoliola (Meliaceae) on some biochemical parameters in rats. The species are native to tropical Africa and Madagascar. 1958, Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Color/Appearance: Heartwood color is variable, ranging from very pale pink to a deeper reddish-brown, sometimes with streaks of medium to dark reddish-brown. They usually attain a height of 100 to 130 feet (30 to 40 m), with a trunk diameter of 36 to 48 inches (90 to 120 cm). Khaya grandifoliola is a species of tree in the family Meliaceae. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. 2005;102:446-449. Khaya is a genus of five species of trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae.The timber of Khaya is called African mahogany, and is valued as a substitute to genuine mahogany (of the genus Swietenia). Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam. Large tree growing up to 30 - 35 m tall. 36-48 lbs/ft 3. (eds.) All species grow to around 30–35m tall, rarely 45m, with a trunk over 1m diameter, often buttressed at the base. Appellations : N'GOLLON - ACAJOU BASSAM Family : MELIACEAE Scientific names : KHAYA ANTHOTHECA - IVORENSIS - GRANDIFOLIOLA Provenance : WEST AFRICA AND CENTRAL AFRICA DESCRIPTION OF WOOD Reference color : red brown Aubier : well distinct Grain : way Fil : against the grain Against the grain : lightweight Presence of tension wood and soft heart. It occurs up to 1500(–1800) m altitude. Though to be fair, on most guitars it would be hard to make out the difference in tone when used as back/sides wood. (1977). C. DC. It is threatened by habitat loss. Description and Ethnobotany. Description. Growth Form. It is widely distributed across West Africa from the Guinea coast to Cameroon and extending eastward through (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Color/Appearance: Heartwood color is variable, ranging from very pale pink to a deeper reddish-brown, sometimes with streaks of medium to dark reddish-brown. Color tends to darken with age. Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Fl. Zaïre, Flora of Tropical East Africa Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org. Depending on its origin, growth conditions and specific strain (“African Mahogany” encompasses four different Khaya species), it color can range from a pale pink or muted orange, to a somewhat darker reddish- or golden-brown. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Specimen ID: 3073279. 8: 10 (1907). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone It is listed as vulnerable by IUCN. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Scientific name (s): Khaya anthotheca, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya grandifoliola Log description – Diameter: from 80 to 120 cm Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. W.J. ORSTROM, Bangui. Recent studies show that 90% of malaria cases around the world come from sub-Saharan Africa. However, there are concerns about the hypothesized low diversity among the few K. grandifoliola germplasm sources introduced in the country. Journ. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. It is listed as vulnerable by IUCN. 10, pl. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Distribution: West tropical Africa. Emp. A. Engler & O. Drude, Die Vegetation Der Erde, IX, Pflanzenwelt Afrikas 3(1): 803 (1915). (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Distribution: West tropical Africa. In riparian forest it can sometimes be found together with Khaya grandifoliola. Project description. It has compound, broad leaves. The extracts have proven to fight against the P. falciparum parasite, one of the vectors of malaria in humans. Scientific name: Khaya spp. Planing: Timber produced by K. grandifoliola is reported to be more difficult to work than that by K. anthotheca . Boulvert, Y. To find out more about these trees, please visit the Heritage Tree Register.) Khaya grandifoliola is native to Africa. (2017). Description: Herbarium Specimen Images. Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10. Boulvert, Y. It is known by a number of other common names, including Nyasaland, Red or White mahogany.Oos-Afrikaanse mahonie is the Afrikaans name and … Browse 1,192,000 global plant names, 94,300 detailed descriptions, and 243,000 images with an initial focus on tropical Africa 1991, Benin, Khaya grandifoliola is native to Africa. Burkina, Khaya grandifoliola C. DC. & al. Four of these trees can be found in Gillemard Road Open Space while the fifth tree can be found in Lorong 1 Toa Payoh. ORSTROM, Bangui. Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. The use of aqueous extract of K. grandifoliola for the management of malaria by traditional medical practitioners is common in West Africa, especially Nigeria. In this study, we examined the antiviral properties of Khaya grandifoliola C.DC (Meliaceae) on the hepatitis C virus (HCV) life cycle in vitro and identified some of the chemical constituents contained in the fraction with the most antiviral activity. Habit Tree usually less than 20(but occasionally up to 30) m. tall; bole unbuttressed or only slightly buttressed. 10, t. 10, Aubrév. (2015). The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. C. Iv. 4: 64, fig. This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to N. Uganda. It has a self-supporting growth form. 54, Mém. & Beentje, H. (2012). Scientific Name: Khaya spp. The name anthotheca was taken from the Greek word anthos, meaning flower, while theca refers to a capsule. In this study, we examined the antiviral properties of Khaya grandifoliola C.DC (Meliaceae) on the hepatitis C virus (HCV) life cycle in vitro and identified some of the chemical constituents contained in the fraction with the most antiviral activity. 42 (1952). Doses of the extract that were administered daily had no impact on mortality rates, physical appearance or behavior of the rats. Image quality: 1. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis It is threatened by habitat loss. It occurs up to 1500(–1800) m altitude. Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. (1977). Eggeling & Harris, For. Khaya grandifoliola demonstrated a better growth performance than Khaya ivorensis in all planting densities with 10% showing the best growth performance for K. grandifoliola (6.44 cm diameter, 4.90 m height and 0.0105 m 3 volume) and 60% for K. ivorensis (5.27 cm … It generally planes well, but material with irregular grain is reported to be rather difficult to dress to a smooth finish. It is a tall, woody tree belonging to the family Meliaceae, and commonly called African Mahogany5. Family: MELIACEAE. Khaya grandifoliola Preferred Common Name; big-leaf mahogany Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Uses List; Agroforestry; Erosion control or dune stabilization; Fuelwood; Shade and shelter; Windbreak People in these areas resort to medicinal plants for treatment because alternative medical resources are often low or unavailable. Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. Sudan, Fr. The bark on the young branches is smooth and greyish-brown but smooth to sometimes mottled grey and brown, flaking on the older branches and stems. African Mahogany (scientific names – Khaya anthotheca, Khaya grandifoliola, Khaya ivorensis, Khaya senegalensis) is harder than Honduran Mahogany and is considered to be the lesser version of Honduran Mahogany. English: African mahogany; French: acajou à grandes feuilles; Local Common Names: diala; yalando 1991. : Bourland N. Ekpe P. 491. Description. Khaya grandifoliola trees are reported to be smaller than those of K. ivorensis or K. anthotheca . Ivory Coast, Journal of Ethno-pharmacology. (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Khaya grandifoliola is a medium to large-sized tree that can grow up to 40 metres tall Styles, B.T. Flora of Tropical East Africa. & White, F. (1991). It is a photoautotroph. big-leaf mahogany; Other Scientific Names. 194 (1958). (1954-1958). Khaya grandifoliola and Enantia chlorantha are two of such popular herbs used in the treatment of malaria. Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). (eds.) Robyns, W. & al. Cultural / Religious ( Heritage Tree: There are 5 individuals of Khaya nyasica listed as Heritage Trees in Singapore. Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Reproduction is monoecious. in Bull. Khaya senegalensis occurs in savanna woodland, often in moist localities and along watercourses, in areas with 650–1300(–1800) mm annual rainfall and a dry season of 4–7 months. Preferred Common Name. 54, Mém. The invention relates generally to a device for dispersing one or more fragrant materials, more particularly to a device in the form of an amulet for dispersing one or more fragrant materials. It is threatened by habitat loss. In many malaria endemic countries, like the tropics, the extract of Khaya grandifoliola is used as an antimalarial herbal remedy. Taxon rep.: Khaya grandifoliola. A study was designed to show the effects of the extract on the red blood cells and bone of mice for 3 weeks and 7 day. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Trees & Timbers Brit. Effect of Khaya grandifoliola extract on Plasmodium berghei berghei in mice. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ 1991. It has a self-supporting growth form. It is found in Benin, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Guinea, Nigeria, Sudan, Togo, and Uganda. Emp. Guinea, Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 3: 1-89. Color tends to darken with age. Agric. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Flora of Tropical East Africa. Kalema, J. Planing: Timber produced by K. grandifoliola is reported to be more difficult to work than that by K. anthotheca . Jongkind, C. (2014). Phytotherapy Research. Bot. Dark brown to dark red … Khaya grandis Stapf; Khaya kerstingii Harms; Khaya punchii Stapf; International Common Names. Trunk is straight and tall with dark brown bark, reaching a girth that exceeds 1 m. Foliage. Catalog no. Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. (2013). Ghana, We offer the dark red meranti with a density of approx. For. Khayae (Meliaceae) specierum nomenclator Adansonia, sér. Trunk. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Trees Brit. Scientific Name: Khaya spp. 2: 187, fig. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Tree Size: 100-130 ft (30-40 m) tall, 3-5 ft (1-1.5 m) trunk diameter. Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.52, .64. In general K. ivorensis showed less forking than K. grandifoliola, except at 60% Figure 4) in the density (mixed plantings two years after planting in the field. Staner & Gilbert in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 7: 177 (1958). Average Dried Weight: 40 lbs/ft 3 (640 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.52, .64. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. Khaya grandifoliola, also called African mahogany, Benin mahogany, large-leaved mahogany, or Senegal mahogany, is a species of plant in the family Meliaceae. Description: Common Name(s): African Mahogany Scientific Name: Khaya spp. The bark and seeds of Khaya grandifoliola are the most common parts used for treatment and are extracted by infusion or decoction. Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. Participate in the reforestation of Togo and the diversification of agroforests, cocoa and coffee trees! Central African Repu, It has compound, broad leaves. Specification: Common Name(s): African Mahogany. The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18. 8: 10 (1907). Liberia, × (1939). (Khaya anthotheca, K. grandifoliola, K. ivorensis, K. senegalensis) Names are loosely and interchange used for: meranti, lauan and a myriad of species from West Tropical Africa and some types from Southeast Asia. Pinnately compound leaves are composed of 4-6 pairs of oblong leaflets with wavy leaf margin and acute apex. 2, 1: 1-828. 2: 118–124, t. 173, 6–10, t. 174, 4–5, in Bull.

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